Moments after Judge Woolsey’s 6 December 1933 ruling, word was handed down to Random House’s typesetters to begin printing. Ulysses was published in America on 25 January 1934 in an edition of around ten thousand. The novel’s backstory and Bennett Cerf’s marketing strategies had all but guaranteed a smash hit. By 1939 over fifty thousand copies had been sold. Woolsey’s legal decision was printed at the front of the book, and Joyce contributed a letter about its publication history in place of an introduction.