Aqueduct Transporting Water to the Holy City, from Civil Architecture

This imaginary aqueduct was meant to provide the “most limpid virgin pure water to the Sacred City.” At left is a Tower of Liberty and at right a “republican road,” and beneath the arcade are paths for pedestrians and carriages. The tower is embellished with symbols of independence and liberation. At left, in a diagram of the cornice, the artist calls for decorating the frieze with cat’s heads; the feline was Lequeu’s favorite avatar of freedom.

Jean-Jacques Lequeu (1757–1826)
Aqueduct Transporting Water to the Holy City, from Civil Architecture, ca. 1800–1804 Pen and black ink, brown and gray wash, watercolor
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Departement des Estampes et de la photographie