Hubert François Gravelot

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Hubert François Gravelot
Uranka and Murami, Two Japanese Monks
ca. 1770-73
Pen and black ink over graphite, on paper; incised with the stylus.
5 5/16 x 3 5/16 inches (134 x 84 mm)
Gift of John F. Fleming.
Marie-Joseph-Colombe-Henri-Denis Beccaria de Pavie, Marquis de Fourquevaux (1762-1841), Fourquevaux, France; Emmanuel Bocher (1835-1919), Paris; Léon Olry-Roederer (1869-1932), Paris; A.S.W. Rosenbach (1876-1952), Philadelphia; John Fleming (1910-1987), New York.

Kraemer, Ruth S. "Drawings by Gravelot in the Morgan Library." Master drawings, XX (Spring 1982), p. 12, no. 39, reproduced plate 16a.


Gravelot's design is preparatory for the engraved frontispiece to Act I of Fenouillot de Falbaire de Quingey's tragedy "Les Jammabos, ou, Les Moines Japonais", as published in his "Oeuvres" (Paris : Veuve Duchesne, 1787). The engraving was executed by Jean Baptiste Simonet (1742-after 1813). The monk Uranka is shown confronting Okimas, who is accompanied by the princess Agénie and a third figure. For the other six preparatory drawings related to Quingey's "Les Jammabos" see also 1963.13.11, 1963.13:12, 1963.13:14, 1963.13:15, 1963.13:16, and 1968.15:21. According to Kraemer, “Only two of Gravelot's designs were engraved and appeared in the 1787 two-volume edition of the author's complete works. Although published fourteen years after his death, Gravelot may have worked on these drawings during the last years of his life.”

Associated names: 

Fourquevaux, Joseph de Beccarie de Pavie, marquis de, 1762-1841, former owner.
Bocher, Emmanuel, 1835-1919, former owner.
Olry-Roederer, Léon, 1869-1932, former owner.
Rosenbach, A. S. W. (Abraham Simon Wolf), 1876-1952, former owner.
Fleming, John F. (John Francis), 1910-1987, former owner.