Hubert François Gravelot

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Hubert François Gravelot
St. Louis Pardoning Five Saracens
ca. 1757
Pen and black ink over graphite, on paper; incised with the stylus.
3 15/16 x 6 5/8 inches (100 x 168 mm)
Gift of John F. Fleming.
Marie-Joseph-Colombe-Henri-Denis Beccaria de Pavie, Marquis de Fourquevaux (1762-1841), Fourquevaux, France; Emmanuel Bocher (1835-1919), Paris; Léon Olry-Roederer (1869-1932), Paris; A.S.W. Rosenbach (1876-1952), Philadelphia; John Fleming (1910-1987), New York.

Kraemer, Ruth S. "Drawings by Gravelot in the Morgan Library." Master drawings, XX (Spring 1982), p. 8, no. 7, reproduced plate 4.


Gravelot's study is preparatory for a 1757 engraving by Noel Lemire that illustrates Jean de Joinville's "Histoire de Saint Louis" (Paris : 1761, p. 154). St. Louis is depicted seated with the five “Saracens” (a Christian term for Arab Muslims) kneeling around him at his feet. The Morgan preserves a second design by Gravelot, also engraved by Lemire, for this publication (Acc. No. 1963.13:6). Gravelot used a piece of paper bearing a fragmented draft of a letter along the left edge, beginning, "... prens la liberte de presenter mes respects ... Mr G. cette occasion bien voulu ... [etc.]".

Associated names: 

Fourquevaux, Joseph de Beccarie de Pavie, marquis de, 1762-1841, former owner.
Bocher, Emmanuel, 1835-1919, former owner.
Olry-Roederer, Léon, 1869-1932, former owner.
Rosenbach, A. S. W. (Abraham Simon Wolf), 1876-1952, former owner.
Fleming, John F. (John Francis), 1910-1987, former owner.