According to his biographer and friend Joachim von Sandrart, Claude spent his days drawing and painting in the open air. Most of his drawings are pure landscapes, and this panoramic view of Rome is a rare example depicting the city’s architecture. On what was probably a sketchbook page, Claude delineated two different vantages. The upper part of the sheet contains an undulating view of the Roman campagna while the rest of the page is occupied by a precise description of Rome as seen from the Esquiline Hill, showing the apse of S. Croce in Gerusalemme and the adjacent ruins of the ancient Sessorium and Amphitheatrum Castrense; the dome of St. Peter’s is in the distance at far right.
Part of the Tivoli sketchbook; landscape.