Peter Paul Rubens

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Peter Paul Rubens
1577-1640
Seated Male Youth
ca. 1613
Black chalk, heightened with white chalk, on light gray paper.
19 11/16 x 11 3/4 inches (500 x 299 mm)
Purchased by Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1909.
I, 232

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Inscription: 
Numbered on verso, in graphite, "2".
Provenance: 
William Bates (Lugt 2604); his sale, London, Sotheby's, 19 January 1887, probably part of lot 337 ("P.P. Rubens. Various Studies and Sketches [7]" to Robinson for £1.8.0, or possibly part of lot 242 "Large Drawings by Old Masters [12]" to Robinson for £1.18.0); Sir John Charles Robinson; by exchange, 3 March 1890, to Charles Fairfax Murray, London (according to his autograph Notebooks); Charles Fairfax Murray (1849-1919), London and Florence; from whom purchased through Galerie Alexandre Imbert, Rome, in 1909 by Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913), New York (no mark; see Lugt 1509); his son, J. P. Morgan, Jr. (1867-1943), New York.
Description: 

This sheet is preparatory for the figure of Daniel in Rubens's painting Daniel in the Lions' Den. After establishing the position of the figures in compositional drawings and oil sketches, Rubens would make studies after the model for major figures to guide studio assistants in the execution of a painting. Here he outlined the figure in black chalk and blocked out shadows to indicate volume and light. The painting's fidelity to this study indicates that it belongs to the final stages of preparation.

Notes: 

Watermark: dolphin.
Drawing is a study for the principal figure in the painting "Daniel in the Lions' Den" in the National Gallery of Art, Washington.

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