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Agony in the Garden
Pen and brown ink and wash, on laid paper; incised with stylus and pricked for transfer.
8 7/8 x 6 1/2 inches (226 x 165 mm)
Purchased by Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1909.
I, 15

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Small cartoon for one of the predella paintings of Raphael's "Pala Colonna", now in the Metropolitan Museum, New York; J. P. Morgan once owned the alterpiece, but not the predella.


Inscribed on verso, at lower center, in pen and brown ink, "Timoteo Viti".
Watermark: Eagle displayed (akin to Briquet 86: Pistoia, 1495; the same watermark is found on 1996.9). Note extensive pricking marks visible in beta radiograph.

Possiby Viti-Antaldi Collection, Urbino and Pesaro (descendents of Raphael's first teacher and life-long friend, Timoteo Viti [1470-1523], who began his collection during Raphael's lifetime; no mark; see Lugt 2463 and 2245); Frederick, Lord Leighton (1830-1896); his sale, London, Christies, 15-16 July 1896, lot 447, "Timoteo Viti - Christ in the Garden of Olives - pen and bistre"; Charles Fairfax Murray (1849-1919), London and Florence; from whom purchased through Galerie Alexandre Imbert, Rome, in 1909 by Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913), New York (no mark; see Lugt 1509); his son, J. P. Morgan, Jr. (1867-1943), New York.
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Associated names: 

Viti, Timoteo, 1469-1523, former owner.
Viti-Antaldi, former owner.
Leighton of Stretton, Frederic Leighton, Baron, 1830-1896, former owner.
Murray, Charles Fairfax, 1849-1919, former owner.
Morgan, J. Pierpont (John Pierpont), 1837-1913, former owner.
Morgan, J. P. (John Pierpont), 1867-1943, former owner.


Rhoda Eitel-Porter and and John Marciari, Italian Renaissance Drawings at the Morgan Library & Museum, New York, 2019, no. 29.
Selected references: Fairfax Murray 1905-12, 1:15; Schubring 1923, 3-5; New York 1965-66, no. 48; Joannides 1983, 152; Knab, Mitsch, and Oberhuber 1983, no. 24; Meyer zur Capellen 2001, 176-78; London 2002-3, 122-27; London 2004-5, 155n2; New York 2006a, 21-22 and no. 17; Plazzotta 2006, 709; Munich 2008-9, no. 10; New York 2017, 239n6.
Collection J. Pierpont Morgan : Drawings by the Old Masters Formed by C. Fairfax Murray. London : Privately printed, 1905-1912, I, 15, repr.
Stampfle, Felice, and Jacob Bean. Drawings from New York collections. I: The Italian Renaissance. New York : Metropolitan Museum of Art : Pierpont Morgan Library, 1965, no. 48.
100 Master drawings from the Morgan Library & Museum. München : Hirmer, 2008, no. 10, repr. [Rhoda Eitel-Porter]

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