Adriaen van Ostade

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Adriaen van Ostade
A Violinist at an Ale House Door
Watercolor, pen and brown ink, with lead white opaque watercolor, over graphite.
13 7/8 x 12 3/16 inches (350 x 308 mm)
Purchased by Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1909.
I, 134

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Despite the fact that the drawing was surely intended to stand on its own as a finished work of art, van Ostade also translated the subject into oils. The painting, in the Mauritshuis in The Hague, is signed and dated the same year as the drawing. The drawing was later engraved by Cornelis Ploos van Amstel (1726-98) and published in 1770 as no. 17 of his 45 prenttekeningen (color facsimile prints), which appeared between 1765 and 1787. It was re-engraved in the first quarter of the 19th century by Christian Josi (before 1765-1828).


Signed and dated at lower left, in brown ink, "Av.(in ligature)Ostade·1673". Inscribed on the verso, in brown ink, at lower left corner, in the hand of Goll van Franckenstein, "N 3954"; and next to this, "C J Nieuwenhuys 1840".
Watermark: Fleur-de-lis in shield, surmounted by crown, over letter "WR", (Strasbourg lily), (similar to Heawood, no. 1785: 1670).

Jonas Witsen (1733-88), Amsterdam (sold to Cornelis Ploos van Amstel for 126 louis); Cornelis Ploos van Amstel Jb Czn (1726-98), Amsterdam (no mark; see Lugt 2034); Jonkheer Johan Goll van Franckenstein the Younger (1756-1821), Amsterdam (his "N. 3954" in brown ink on the verso; Lugt 2987); Jonkheer Pieter Hendrik Goll van Franckenstein (1787-1832), Amsterdam; his sale, Amsterdam, de Vries, 1 July 1833, Album A, lot 2 (to van Idsinga for 1515 fl.); I. van Idsinga; C.J. Nieuwenhuys (1799-1883), Brussels, Belgium, and Oxford Lodge, Wimbledon, England; Robert Stayner Holford (1808-92), London (Lugt 2243); his sale, London, Christie's, 11-14 July 1893, lot 655 (to Salting for £255); George Salting (1835-1909), London (no mark; see Lugt 2260-61); Charles Fairfax Murray (1849-1919), London and Florence; from whom purchased through Galerie Alexandre Imbert, Rome, in 1909 by Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913), New York (no mark; see Lugt 1509); his son, J. P. Morgan, Jr. (1867-1943), New York.
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Associated names: 

Witsen, Jonas, 1733-1788, former owner.
Ploos van Amstel, Cornelis, 1726-1798, former owner.
Goll van Franckenstein, Johan, 1756-1821, former owner.
Goll van Franckenstein, Pieter Hendrik, 1787-1832, former owner.
Idsinga, I. van, former owner.
Nieuwenhuys, C. J., 1799-1883, former owner.
Holford, Robert Stayner, 1808-1892, former owner.
Salting, George, 1835-1909, former owner.
Murray, Charles Fairfax, 1849-1919, former owner.
Morgan, J. Pierpont (John Pierpont), 1837-1913, former owner.


Collection J. Pierpont Morgan : Drawings by the Old Masters Formed by C. Fairfax Murray. London : Privately printed, 1905-1912, I, 134, repr.
Stampfle, Felice. Rubens and Rembrandt in Their Century : Flemish and Dutch Drawings of the Seventeenth Century from The Pierpont Morgan Library. New York : Pierpont Morgan Library, 1979, no. 90, repr.
From Leonardo to Pollock: Master drawings from the Morgan Library. New York: Morgan Library, 2006, cat. no. 45, p. 98-99.
Jane Shoaf Turner, with contributions by Felice Stampfle, Dutch Drawings in the Pierpont Morgan Library: Seventeenth to Nineteenth Centuries, New York, 2006, cat. no. 187.
100 Master drawings from the Morgan Library & Museum. München : Hirmer, 2008, no. 59, repr. [Jennifer Tonkovich and Jane Shoaf Turner]

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