MS M.461, fols. 74v–75r

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Livre des merveilles du monde

France, probably Angers
ca. 1460
281 x 220 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913) in 1911

MS M.461, fols. 74v–75r

Syria (left)

Here, the illuminator presents a miraculous image of the Virgin Mary, whose breast lactates oil.

China (right)

China is depicted as not only far away, but inaccessible, divided from Europe by both snow and monsters, and, following a longstanding racist stereotype, the inhabitants of China are characterized as shy and cowardly, hiding behind rocks while European traders leave goods on the beach for them to find later.