MS M.917/945, pp. 114–115

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An Angel Stirs the Pool of Bethesda

The Netherlands, Utrecht
ca. 1440
7 1/2 x 5 1/8 inches (192 x 130 mm)

Purchased on the Belle da Costa Greene Fund with the assistance of the Fellows, 1963

MS M.917/945, pp. 114–115

Solomon, aware of an ancient prophecy that the Kingdom of the Jews would come to its end through the wood from the Tree of Mercy, has it buried. Over the burial spot, a pool of miraculous water wells up (there is a floating log in the miniature). When an angel stirred the waters of the Pool of Bethesda, it acquired healing powers. The border vignette of Christ washing the feet of the apostle Peter is a New Testament gloss on the spiritual cleansing powers of water.

Hours and Masses for the Seven Days of the Week

The most unusual texts in Catherine's manuscript are the series of Hours and Masses for every day of the week. Medieval Christian tradition associated certain figures or themes with different days. Thus Sunday, the day of the Resurrection, was the Lord's Day; Thursday was connected with the Eucharist since that sacrament was instituted on Holy Thursday; and Monday was the day of the dead, since their torments were suspended on Sunday but recommenced the following day. In Catherine's prayer book, the themes for the Hours and Masses of the seven days of the week are:

Sunday the Trinity
Monday the Dead
Tuesday the Holy Spirit
Wednesday All Saints
Thursday the Blessed Sacrament
Friday the Compassion of God
Saturday the Virgin.

Image courtesy of Faksimile Verlag Luzern