Horse-drawn chariot with archer

between 883 B.C. and 859 B.C.
drab pink frit, with remnants of reddish-drab glaze
43 x 13 mm
Morgan Seal 659
Acquired by Pierpont Morgan sometime between 1885 and 1908.

"Seals 659 and 660 correspond most closely with reliefs of Ashurnasirpal. The chariots are rendered with the characteristic spear protruding at the back, the two crossed quivers at the side, the yoke ending in a bird's head, and the six-spoked wheel. In 659 a fallen bull lies under the horse, as in one of the Ashurnasirpal reliefs. The same motif may be intended in 660, though here the bull is standing and the forelegs of the horse are carved across its neck. The usual pair of figures, archer and charioteer, appears in 660, while 659 shows only an archer. The relations with the Ashurnasirpal reliefs are sufficient to establish a date early in the ninth century for 659 and 660. Moreover, the chevron borders in 659, as well as the large size of both seals, are characteristic of early linear-style seals."--Porada, CANES, p. 79


Horse-drawn chariot with archer; under horse, fallen bull -- Crescent in sky -- Chevron borders.

Southern Mesopotamia.