The Holy Bible : containing the Old Testament and the New / translated into the Indian language, and ordered to be printed by the Commissioners of the United Colonies in New-England, at the charge, and with the consent of the Corporation in England for the Propagation of the Gospel amongst the Indians in New-England.

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Accession number: 
PML 5441
Uniform title: 
Bible. Algonquian. Eliot. 1663.
Cambridge [Mass.] : Printed by Samuel Green and Marmaduke Johnson, MDCLXIII. [1663]
[1208] p. ; 20 cm
Curatorial Comments: 

A 1663 bible in the Wampanoag (Massachusett) Language. One of Morgan's earliest notable purchases was both a landmark of American book history and an artifact of settler colonialism. The first complete Bible printed in the Western Hemisphere, the book was a project of the Reverend John Eliot (1604-1690), an English missionary of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. This translation aligned with Eliot's efforts to convert Native peoples to Christianity and divorce them from their traditional ways of life. Morgan purchased this copy for $1,000 at the 1879 auction of Connecticut banker George Brinley's library. The New York Times called it "the crowning wonder of the sale."


Seven states, differing in the number of certain preliminary leaves, are described in Pilling, J.C. Bibliography of the Algonquian languages, and summarized by Evans.
Second title page, p. [9]: Mamusse wunneetupanatamwe Up-Biblum God naneeswe Nukkone Testament kah wonk Wusku Testament. Ne quoshkinnumuk nashpe wuttinneumoh Christ noh asoowesit John Eliot. Cambridge: Printeuoop nashpe Samuel Green kah Marmaduke Johnson. 1663.
First ed. of Eliot's Indan Bible, one of the "Second" variety. This copy has the English t.p. and dedication to the first part only.
Dedicated to Charles II.
Printed in two columns.
"The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Translated into the Indian language, and ordered to be printed ... Cambridg: Printed by Samuel Green and Marmaduke Johnson. MDCLXI."--p. [841-1104], with separate title page. With a second title page in Algonquian ("Wusku Wuttestamentum Nul-Lordumun Jesus Christ nuppoquohwussuaeneumun."). Also issued separately (Evans 64).
The Psalms of David, with caption title: Wame ketoohomae uketoohomaongash David, p. [1105-1204].
Rules for Christian living, by John Eliot, in Algonquian, p. [1205-1206].
Collation: 600 ff. (1, 548 & 600 blanks).

Brown morocco, gilt; in black morocco case.
Bishop White-Kennet's copy with an a.s. on English t.p.