Miscellany in Honor of the Virgin Mary

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MS M.597
Miscellany in Honor of the Virgin Mary
Touton scriptorium, Fayyūm Province, Egypt, 913-914.
Ancient binding: Created ca. 914; upper and lower (flush?) boards, made of inscribed papyrus cartonnage with a piece of coarse plain weave cloth in cartonnage of upper board; 4 attachments laced 3 times into boards with S twist thread and ends connected vertically on inside; headband tiedowns in boards of fine, Z twist thread; covered in leather with corners overlapped, fore-edge on top; blind-tooled with central central cross in rectangle reduced to square, with geometric pattern made up of blind lines and annular dots with flowers in compartments; four bone fastenings in lower board (5th peg wanting), decorated with double lines, 1 anchored with round-headed nail; tails of attaching loops, bookmark braid, and lifting tabs (?) in side of upper board; board wormed and leather crumbling. (Binding cataloged separately as MS M.597A.)
Purchased for J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913), 1911.
75 leaves (2 columns, 30-32 lines), bound : vellum, ill. ; 351 x 268 mm
Donated to the Monastery (?) of Apa Sel(b)ane in honor of the Virgin; Monastery of Saint Michael (Dayr al-Malāk Mīkhāʼil); found in 1910 near the village of Hamuli, Fayyūm Province, Egypt, at the site of the Monastery of Saint Michael; purchased in Paris in 1911 for J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) from Arthur Sambon, a dealer acting in behalf of a consortium of owners including a certain J. Kalebdian; J.P. Morgan (1867-1943).

Manuscript miscellany in honor of the Virgin Mary; written and illuminated at the Touton scriptorium, Fayyūm Province, Egypt, AM 630 (i.e., either Aug. 29, 913 or Aug. 28, 914).
Roughly a seventh of leaves have sewing repairs.
Colophons: 1) Donation in Coptic: By a "god-loving brother," unnamed; to the Monastery (?) of Apa Sel[b]ane in Honor of the Virgin at [---] in the Faiyum. 2) fol. 75r, palimpsest: Copyist, place of copying, date of copying in Greek: By Deacon [---], Deacon Kalamōn, and [Deacon] Stepha[nos], sons of Deacon Basilï, from the region of Touton; AM 630.--Cf. van Lantschoot, no. 50.
According to the Coptic Encyclopedia (1991) Demetrius of Antioch is a fictitious character.
The death of the Virgin Mary is commemorated in the Coptic Church on Ṭūba 21.
Written area ca. 263 x 189 mm. Divisions: Brown leather tab fastened to center of fore-edge at fol. 46 at major division of the codex; ekthesis, reddened enlarged or greatly enlarged initial, and paragraphus sign setting off paragraphs. Some passages, especially quotations, marked by a small reddened dotted diple in margin of each line. Exceeding letters of last line of the page written below end of the line and encompassed by a reddened stroke at fol. 33r.
Script: Upright (titles and colophons right-sloping). 10 lines = ca. 84 mm
Superlineation: Non-standard. Punctuation: Raised reddened dot in conjunction with a space; reddened colon and spacefiller at ends of paragraphs. Tremas.
Collation: Signed on first and last page of the quire, top inner margin. No quire ornaments, monograms, headlines or catchwords.
Scribes: Samouēl, Kalamōn, Stephanos.
Artist: Samouēl.
Decoration: frontispiece, headpieces, tailpiece ornaments, signatures and page numbers. Colors: dark reddish brown (Centroid 41), dark orange (51), moderate yellow (87), green (chemically altered).

Coptic, the Sahidic dialect