Hagiography

Record ID: 
77283
Accession number: 
MS M.580
Title: 
Hagiography
Created: 
Egypt, 889-890.
Binding: 
Ancient binding: According to Petersen: ancient binding is of brown goatskin over thick (ca. 24 mm.) hemp fibre boards; decorated with two stamps and with piercing over a vellum ground. (Binding catalogued separately as MS M.580A.)
Credit: 
Purchased for J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1911.
Description: 
58 leaves (2 columns, 30-31 lines), bound : vellum, ill. ; 357 x 275
Provenance: 
Written at the Touton scriptorium; donated by Archi-Apa Epima and his son Ouanabre to the Monastery of Saint Michael (Dayr al-Malāk Mīkhāʼil); found in 1910 near the village of Hamuli, Fayyūm Province, Egypt, at the site of the Monastery of Saint Michael; purchased in Paris in 1911 for J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) from Arthur Sambon, a dealer acting in behalf of a consortium of owners including a certain J. Kalebdian; J.P. Morgan (1867-1943).
Notes: 

Manuscript hagiographic miscellany; written at the Touton scriptorium, Fayyūm Province, Egypt; colophon dated AM 606 (i.e., either Aug. 29, 889 or Aug. 28, 890).
Roughly a third of the leaves have small original holes and roughly a third are slighly irregular at the fore-edge. 3 sewing repairs.
Colophons: 1) fol. 58v: Donation: By Archi-Apa Epima and his son Ouanabre; to the Monastery of St. Michael near present-day Hamuli; 2) fol. 58v: Copyist and artist, place of copying, and date of Copying in Coptic: by Basili and Deacon Petros his "brother", the former as copyist, the latter as artist; AM 606 (August 29, 889-August 28, 890; 3) fol. 58v: Memorial in Coptic: For Deacon [...] "for hel helped with the product until it had been finished."
Written area ca. 263 x 194 mm. Divisions: Brown leather tab fastened to center of fore-edge of fol. 20 and major initials at major divisions of the codex. ekthesis, reddened enlarged initial, and paragraphus sign (diple) setting off paragraphs. Exceeding letters of last line of recto written below end of the line and encompassed by a red stroke on fols. 8, 11, 26, 27, 31, 34, rarely below column a.
Script: Upright (titles and subscript titles and colophons at fol. 58v right-sloping). 10 lines = ca. 82 mm
Superlineation: Non-standard (very short strokes or dots). Punctuation: Raised reddened dot; 3 reddened dots and curved horizontal stroke at ends of paragraphs. Many tremas.
Collation: Signed on first and last page of the quire, top inner margin. No quire ornaments, monograms, headlines or catchwords.
Scribe: Basili of Touton.
Artist: Petros of Touton.
Petros of Touton also worked as artist and perhaps again with Basili as copyist on M.600, where his name is mentioned in the frontispiece, and perhaps also on the frontispiece of M.593.
Decoration: frontispiece, headpieces, tailpieces, paragraphus signs, signatures and page numbers, extended letters. Colors: strong yellow (Centroid 84), strong reddish orange (35), green (chemically altered).

Language: 
Coptic, the Sahidic dialect
Classification: