Orchard of Syon.

Record ID: 
77080
Accession number: 
MS M.162
Title: 
Orchard of Syon.
Created: 
[ca. 1470]
Binding: 
English 18th century calf, with the name Joseph Ames stamped in the center of the front cover; in brown slip case.
Credit: 
Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1902.
Description: 
186 leaves (1 column, 36 lines), bound : vellum, ill. ; 210 x 140 mm
Provenance: 
John Crosse (ca. 1500); William Mutlowe (ca. 1600); Joseph Ames sale (London, May 5, 1760, no. 342) to Richard How of Apsley Guise; his sale (London, Mar. 3, 1890, no. 1317) to Quaritch; William Morris; purchased in 1897 by Richard Bennett from Morris's estate; Catalogue of manuscripts and early printed books from the libraries of William Morris, Richard Bennett, Bertram, fourth Earl of Ashburnham, and other sources, no. 98; purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) with the Bennett Collection in 1902; J.P. Morgan (1867-1943).
Notes: 

Ms. devotional prose; written and illuminated in England, ca. 1470.
The text contains the matter later printed by Wynkyn de Worde in 1519 under the title 'The Orchard of Syon,' with the exception of a first Prologue by Marcus Civilis and an Envoy of Dane James 'the translater.' The text is in 170 chapters, ending on fol. 182a--Cf. Sister Mary Denise, p. 272.
Fol. 1a-7b constitute the translator's Prologue and begin with the words, 'Religious modir and devout sustern, clepid and chose bisili to laboure at þe hous of Syon.' Part I begins on fol. 8a: 'Here begynneþ þe boke of diuine doctrine, þat is to seie, of Goddis techinge [yogh]ouen bi þe Persone of God þe Fader to þe intellect of þe glorious virgyne Seint Katerine of Seene....' Each page is headed IHC--Cf. Sister Mary Denise, p. 272.
Collation: A⁴, I⁸, A⁸-Y⁸ (wants 7, 8)--Cf. Sister Mary Denise, p. 271.
The last four leaves are blank.
Scribe: Leyc[ester] (?); colophon on fol. 182 ends: worschip be to þee wiþouten ende. Amen. quod leyc.
Decoration: eight large gold-illuminated initials introducing the divisions of the text and many small initials in blue, outlined with red scroll work extending along the text--Cf. Sister Mary Denise, p. 271.

Script: 
hybrid script
Language: 
Middle English
Century: 
Classification: