Literary

Record ID: 
77039
Accession number: 
MS M.126
Title: 
Literary
Created: 
England, perhaps London, ca. 1470.
Binding: 
Rebound by Deborah Evetts. Formerly in 18th-century English full brown Russia tooled in gold, 6 elephants on back (device of Andrew Fountaine), lettered: Gower MS.; in green levant morocco solander case lettered: Gower - Confessio amantis - MS. on vellum saec. XV, now preserved separately.
Credit: 
Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913), 1903.
Description: 
213 leaves (2 columns, 46 lines), bound : vellum, ill. ; 440 x 320 mm
Provenance: 
No known original owner; on fol. 78r: Grace? Seyton made thys (15th-16th century); in 1693 owned by Sir Richard Mauleverer (d. 1713) of Allerton Mauleverer, York (inscription on first leaf); ca. 1700 in the library of Peter le Neve (1661-1729); then to his executor, Thomas Martin (1697-1771) who married Frances, le Neve's widow ca. 1732; purchased by Thomas Worth, chemist, ca. 1771; purchased by Briggs Fountaine of Narford, Norfolk before 1777 (signature on last leaf); Fountaine Collection (Catalogue 1777, no. 37); Fountaine sale (London, Sotheby's, July 12, 1902, no. 378) to Quaritch; purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) from Quaritch in 1903. Thomas Worth cut out 9 of the miniatures and sold them to Sir John Fenn (1739-1794); Arthur Frere; his sale (London, Sotheby's, Dec. 14, 1926, no. 379) to Maggs; purchased by J.P. Morgan (1867-1943) from Maggs in 1927 and restored to M.126 (on fols. 26v, 54v, 65r, 122r, 141r, 143v, 165v, 169r, and 171A). Four other miniatures were excised at an unknown time and restored (on fols. 146r, 172r, 173r, and 187v).
Notes: 

Ms. moralizing verse; written and illuminated in England, perhaps London, ca. 1470.
Scribe: Ricardus Franciscus.
Decoration: 79 miniatures with figures and scenes illustrating the text, 12 small oblong miniatures illustrating the zodiac, 15 small oblong landscape miniatures illustrating the stars.
Thirteen miniatures were cut out and restored, 9 in the 18th century and 4 others at an unknown date. They are fols. 26v, 54v, 65r, 122r, 141r, 143v, 146r, 165v, 169r, 171ra, 172r, 173r, and 187v.
Two gaps exist in the manuscript for excised miniatures yet to be found.
Artists: 2 unidentified artists for the miniatures; 4 border artists of which one (Border Artist A) has work identified in 13 manuscripts by Kathleen Scott in her book Later Gothic manuscripts, 1390-1490.

Script: 
bastarda
Language: 
Middle English and Latin
Century: 
Classification: