Gospels of Matthew and Mark.

Record ID: 
Accession number: 
MS M.616
Gospels of Matthew and Mark.
Egypt, 12th century?
Ancient binding: Petersen (1948) identifies with "fair certainty" a fragment from the tail of a lower cover, known as M.616-617bis (formerly known as M.672d) as once covering M.616 and M.617 bound together as a unit. Binding described in Depuydt, no. 395. (Binding cataloged separately as MS M.616-617bis.)
Purchased for J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1911.
44 leaves (1 column, 34-35 lines), bound : vellum, ill. ; 406 x 331 mm
Monastery of Saint Michael (Dayr al-Malāk Mīkhāʼil); found in 1910 near the village of Hamuli, Fayyūm Province, Egypt, at the site of the Monastery of Saint Michael; purchased in Paris in 1911 for J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) from Arthur Sambon, a dealer acting in behalf of a consortium of owners including a certain J. Kalebdian; J.P. Morgan (1867-1943).

Manuscript gospels of Matthew and Mark, written and decorated in Egypt.
Matthew wants 33 leaves (26 before fol. 1, 6 between fols. 1 and 2, and 1 between fols. 5 and 6); Mark wants 13 leaves (2 between fols. 21 and 32, 2 between 32 and 33, 4 between 33 and 34, 1 between 34 and 35, 4 between 36 and 37).
Colophons: 1) fol. 44v: Memorial (for the copyist?) in Coptic: For and by Biktōr. Text reads: Lord, have mercy with this miserable one who wrote (this), Biktōr. Amen."
Written area ca. 302 x 221 mm. Divisions: Brown leather tab fastened of fore-edge of fol. 22 at beginning of Mark; ekthesis, major initial, line of enlarged letters, and paragraphus sign (large vine-scroll coronis or bird or both) setting off major textual units; ancient Greek and Coptic chapter numbers (in red and black respectively) located on rectos within major initial (if shape permits) or above it, and within coronis on versos; ekthesis and reddened enlarged initial setting off paragraphs. Exceeding letters of last line of the page written below end of the line on rectos of fols. 2, 8, 9, 17, 25, 28 (smaller letters), 36, 38, 43, and on fols. 8v, 21v (end of Matthew), 27v (end of quire).
Script: Same hand as M.617; Upright. 10 lines = ca. 91 mm
Superlineation: Old-style jinkim system. Punctuation: Raised dot in conjunction with a reddened dotted diple and a space.
Collation: Probably signed on first and last page of the quire, top inner margin. No remains of signatures (all top inner margins wanting). Quire ornaments. Monograms on first and last page of the quire. Headlines, in red. No catchwords.
Marginal apparatus: Greek (red) and Coptic (black) kephalaia divisions, with numbers in fore-edge of margins, placed inside or next to major initials accompaniesd by large painted vine-scroll coronis sign (and sometimes birds) on versos and framed by painted vine-scroll coronis on rectos.
Marginal annotations, in Arabic: on fol. 20v: "month of Baʼūna (May 26-June 24 Julian), first Sunday, morning of the Resurrection"; fol. 43v: "month of Baʼūna, second Sunday, morning of the Resurrection."
Corrections: Marginal additions on fols. 7r, 9r, 27v, 29r, 29v; superlinear additions (twice) on fol. 27v.
Scribe: Biktōr?
Decoration: Headpiece, tailpeice ornaments, paragraphus signs, coronis, major initial, initials, page numbers. Colors: Dark reddish orange (Centroid 38), strong yellow (84), dark yellowish green (137), dark grayish blue (187).
Related fragments possibly include: M.617. According to Hyvernat, 1935, p. 29, n.2, "[M.616] and [M.617], when purchased, formed one package. They have been separated on the strength of the fact that each of the two bears its own distinct pagination. But upon closer examination of the two, there seems to be good ground to admit that they originally formed but one volume, or at least were long kept as one volume."

Coptic, the Bohairic dialect, and with Greek kephalaia numbers and Arabic annotations