Martyrdom of SS. Theodore the Anatolian (the Oriental), Leontius the Arab, and Panigerus the Persian

Accession number: 
MS M.613
Martyrdom of SS. Theodore the Anatolian (the Oriental), Leontius the Arab, and Panigerus the Persian
Egypt, after Dec. 31, 867.
Ancient binding: At the Coptic Museum in Cairo (Mathạf al-Qibtị̄), Binding 3819. According to Petersen: Upper and lower covers of leather, over papyrus boards (Bybliothecae Pierpont Morgan codices Coptici photographice expressi, v. 39, pls. 1, 2, 47, 48). Ms 3828 and Ms 3826, also in Cairo, were the pastedowns in the original binding. The colophons in Ms 3825 include a date in Coptic: AH 254 (January 1-December 19, 868) (ed. van Lantschoot, no. 40), which has been used to date the present manuscript.--Cf. Depuydt nos. 411, 414, 416.
Purchased for J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1911-1912.
9 leaves (2 columns, 31 lines), bound : vellum, ill. ; 334 x 260 mm
Monastery of Saint Michael (Dayr al-Malāk Mīkhāʼil); found in 1910 near the village of Hamuli, Fayyūm Province, Egypt, at the site of the Monastery of Saint Michael; the entire codex but fol. 1 was purchased in Paris in 1911 for J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) from Arthur Sambon, a dealer acting in behalf of a consortium of owners including a certain J. Kalebdian; fol. 1 was bought by Henri Hyvernat on behalf of J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in Cairo in Feb. 1912 from an Arab dealer named Ali; J.P. Morgan (1867-1943).

Manuscript martyrdom written and illuminated in Touton, Egypt, after December 31, 867.
Roughly half of the leaves have sewing repairs.
Colophons (All from Cairo Ms 3891): 1) fol. 13v: Donation in Coptic: By Apa Phelabia, daughter of Kurillos, from Pis̆ai; to the Monastery of St. Michael near present-day Hamuli; 2) fol. 13v: Memorial in Coptic: For the archimandrite, koinobiarch, and leader (proestōs) Deacon Hēlias, oikonomos of the same Monastery, together with all the members of the monastery; 3) fol. 13v: Copyist and artist, place of copying in Coptic: By the copyist Mōusēs, son of Mēna, and his brother Subdeacon Khaēl from Touton.
Later dating terminus given as per L. Depuydt in "Catalogue of Coptic manuscripts in the Pierpont Morgan Library", p. L: "The earliest and latest dates found in Hamuli colophons are AD 822/823 and AD 913/914...Since the Hamuli group is fairly homogeneous, it is reasonable to assume that all manuscripts from Hamuli roughly belong in the period AD 822/823-913/914."
Written area ca. 250 x 178 mm. Divisions: Ekthesis, enlarged or sometimes greatly enlarged initial, and paragraphus sign (Touton style with reddened budded diple in column a and obelus in column b) setting off paragraphs.
Script: Upright (titles and colophons, both wanting and now in Cairo, right-sloping). 10 lines = ca. 81 mm.
Superlineation: Non-standard. Punctuation: Raised reddened dot in conjunction with a space. Tremas.
Collation: Signed on first and last page of the quire, top inner margin. No quire ornaments, monograms, headlines or catchwords.
Scribe: Mōusēs and Khaēl from Touton.
Artist: Probably Mōusēs or Khaēl from Touton.
Decoration: Frontispiece of Theodore the Anatolian on horseback piercing a deamon with his spear, a depiction of a chair, 2 hands offering crowns of martyrdom to the saint; paragraphus signs, signatures and page numbers, extended letters. Colors: Dark reddish orange (Centroid 38), dark grayis reddish brown (47), moderate yellow (87), green (corroded).
Related fragments: At the Coptic Museum in Cairo (Mathạf al-Qibtị̄), Ms 3819 (= Cairo Ham. G, formerly JdE 47555) completes the text block. Fully described in Depuydt, no. 411.

Coptic, the Sahidic dialect, and Greek