[Biblia latina].

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Accession number: 
PML 12
Uniform title: 
Bible. Latin. Vulgate. 1454.
[Mainz] : [Printer of the 42-line Bible (Johann Gutenberg) and Johann Fust], [about 1454-1455]
2 vols. of [324] and [319] leaves ; (fol.)
Credit Line: 
Purchased with the Irwin collection, 1900.

Title from ISTC.
Imprint from ISTC/GW.
Printed in type 1:140G. In 2 columns of 42 lines.
Collation: Vol. I: [A1] 1-9¹⁰ 10¹⁰(+8*: et aurum); [A2] 11-12¹⁰ 13⁶(+4*: noluerunt); [B1] 14-24¹⁰; [B2] 25¹⁰(+7*: eliasib) 26¹⁰(+9*: oriente); [B3] 27-32¹⁰ 33⁴: 324 leaves. Vol. II: [C1] 1-13¹⁰; [C2] 14-15¹⁰ 16¹⁰(+10*: In quo polluimus); [D1] 17-26¹⁰; [D2] 27¹²; [D3] 28¹⁰ (+7*: enim cristi); [D4] 29-30¹⁰ 31⁴(+3*: nobiscum); [D5] 32¹⁰: 319 leaves, leaves [32]/9-10 blank, + π4 (rubrication guide).
Paper format: Royal folio.
Sheets were seen by Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini some time before his letter of 12 March 1455 to Cardinal Juan de Carvajal, which was printed in Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini, later Pius II, Pont. Max. Epistolae saeculares et pontificales. [Cologne : Arnold Ther Hoernen, ca. 1480; (ISTC ip00726500)], leaves p7v-q5v (with mention of the Bible on leaf q1 verso): see Meuthen 1982, and Davies 1996, pp. 193-201, with plate.
Copies at München BSB and Vienna ÖNB have a printed rubrication guide in four leaves, π4.
PML copy with unique third resetting: Setting A: I, [1]/2v and 9; I, [2 and 4]; I, [14]/1, 3-10; I, [15]; II, [1], Setting B: I, [1]/1, 3-8, and 10; I, [3]; I, [14]/2v; I, [16]; II, [2], and Setting C: I, [1]/2r; I, [5]/5.6; I, [14]/2r (see, Needham, "Paper Supply," 332-33).
PML copy leaf dimensions: 37.5 x 27 cm.
PML copy is Old Testament only, lacking 135 leaves: vol. II, [19]/9-[32]/10 and rubrication guide (π4).

Modern full brown and dark blue goatskin, gilt-tooled in a grolieresque strapwork pattern with "Aldine" foliate tools over heavy boards (40 x 30 cm.), sewn on 6 supports by William Matthews (finished by Henry Stikeman), August 1885. Plain paper endleaves; decorative endbands; gilt edges covering up earlier (17th-century?) painted decoration. Previously bound in "original" pigskin over wooden boards, repaired by Francis Bedford prior to 1881 sale.
Variant Title: 

42-line Bible


Hand decoration: Illuminated by the Fust Master, ca. 1462, with foliate initials and border decoration, alternating red and blue lombards, red headlines, rubrics, and capital strokes. Due to moisture damage and Matthews's rebinding, many of the painted decorations have offset onto facing leaves. Annotations: Compositor's marks from the Fust and Schoeffer press for setting the 1462 Bible, see Ikeda, "Two Gutenberg Bibles," PBSA 106 (2012): 357-72.

Hieronymus Opitz (1519-1591), pastor in Bischofswerda, gift inscription to Gaubisch, 1565 (leaf [1]/2r); Melchior Gaubisch (d. 1604), minister in Langenwolmsdorf (leaf [1]/2r); Heinrich von Nostitz (d. 1629); Carl Heinrich von Nostitz (1613-1684), inherited from father, inscription (leaf [1]/1r); Kleinbautzen (Saxony), parish church, first recorded in 1767; Sotheby's London, 15 Feb. 1881, single lot inserted in some Hampton sale catalogues (claiming book discovered in Bavaria and owned by G. Kamensky), to Quaritch; Bernard Quaritch, 1881, list no. 51, lot 15; Theodore Irwin (1827-1902), purchased from Quaritch; Pierpont Morgan, purchased with the Irwin collection, 1900.