Gospels of Judith of Flanders (MS M.708)

Judith’s father, Count Baldwin IV of Flanders, named her after Charles the Bald’s daughter, who married the first Count Baldwin. In 1051 she and her husband Tostig (the son of Godwin, brother of King Harold) went to England. Exiled in 1065 and widowed at age thirty-eight in 1066, in 1071 she married Welf iv of Bavaria, whose ancestral monastery was Weingarten. She died in 1094, leaving her books to Weingarten, where she was buried. The binding, possibly Germanic work combining delicate filigree and cast figures representing Christ in Majesty and the Crucifixion, was added in the last third of the eleventh century. The title on the cross, “Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews,” is of translucent green enamel.

Jeweled Binding Made for Judith, Countess of Flanders
On: Gospels of Judith of Flanders, in Latin England, between 1051 and 1064, for Judith of Flanders (d. 1094)
MS M.708, front cover
Purchased by J. P. Morgan, Jr., 1926