Joseph Mallord William Turner

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Joseph Mallord William Turner
A View of Crichton Castle
ca. 1818
Watercolor and scraping out on paper.
6 3/8 x 9 1/2 inches (161 x 240 mm)
Purchased on the Sunny Crawford von Bülow Fund 1978.
Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), Abbotsford, Roxburgh, Scotland; by descent to his grandniece Mary Monica Maxwell Scott, 1858; Ralph Brocklebank, Childwall Hall, Lancashire, by 1882; his son, Thomas Brocklebank, Heswall Hall, Cheshire, by 1899; his sale, Christie's, London, 8 July 1938, lot 14; bought Rayner MacConnell, London; Mrs. Francis Tompkins; her sale, Sotheby's, London, 13 October 1954, lot 30 (bt. Callender); Viscountess Garnock; her sale, Christie's, London, 1 March 1977, lot 144 (withdrawn); Viscountess Garnock; her sale, Christie's, London, 21 November 1978, lot 77 (bt. Branson); private collection, U.K.; from whom acquired by Andrew Clayton-Payne Ltd., London, 2004.

Andrew Wilton, J. M. W. Turner: His Art and Life, New York, 1979, no. 1059, p. 425, repr.
Edinburgh, National Gallery of Scotland, Turner and Sir Walter Scott, exh. cat. by Katrina Thomson, 1999-2000, under no. 15, p. 81, as whereabouts unknown.


The drawing was produced on a commission from Sir Walter Scott in 1818 for The Provincial Antiquities of Scotland, a suite of engravings after drawings by Turner and other artists of Scottish monuments and landscapes with text by Scott. The suite, published in London, was issued in parts between 1819 and 1826. The engraving after the present drawing was published in Part II in August 1819 and appeared on page 51 of volume one. Two preliminary sketches for the drawing are known, both of about 1818-19: one, in Turner's "Scotland and London" Sketchbook, now in the Tate Gallery, London (inv. no. TB CLXX; Edinburgh 1999-2000, no. 15, repr.), and the other, Crichton Castle with Rainbow, in the Yale Center for British Art, New Haven (inv. no. B1977.14.6299; Edinburgh 1999-2000, no. 16, repr.).
Crichton Castle, in Midlothian, about ten miles south of Edinburgh, was built between the late fourteenth and late sixteenth centuries. It was the principal residence of James, 3rd Earl of Bothwell, third husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, and in the 1570s that of Francis Stewart, 5th Earl of Bothwell, who added the castle's piazza and courtyard modeled on the Palazzo dei Diamante in Ferrara, which was celebrated in Sir Walter Scott's poem Marmion. The castle still stands in a landscape largely unchanged since Turner's day.

Associated names: 

Scott, Walter, 1771-1832 former owner.
Scott, Mary Monica Maxwell, former owner.
Brocklebank, Ralph, former owner.
Brocklebank, Thomas, former owner.
MacConnell, Rayner, former owner.
Tompkins, Francis, former owner.
Garnock, Viscountess, former owner.