Max Beckmann

Max Beckmann
1884-1950
The Telephone
1945
Pen and ink over graphite pencil on laid paper.
14 1/8 x 13 3/8 inches (35.9 x 34 cm)
Bequest of Fred Ebb.
© Max Beckmann / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
2005.123
Inscription: 
Signed and dated in pen and ink, "Beckmann / A[msterdam]. 45"; Verso: Italian stamp, [illegible] "... internazionale del disegno"; dated and inscribed in graphite pencil, "5 nov. 1945, Chicago Art Museum, The Telephone".
Provenance: 
Estate of the Artist; Catherine Viviano, New York; from whom acquired by Fred Ebb, New York, in 1977.
Notes: 

Watermark: PH ANTIQUE
Beckmann, who is best known for his large allegorical paintings, was forced to leave Germany in 1937 after Hitler declared his work "degenerate." He created this work while living in exile in Amsterdam. The subject is characteristic of Beckmann's predilection for juxtaposing modern life and ancient myth. Next to an old woman holding a telephone receiver stands the couple of Mars and Venus, in a scene similar to that of a watercolor done at the same time, November 5, 1945. Taken together, the drawings seem to symbolize the end of the war and the reestablishment of communications.

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