Book of Hours

Accession number: 
MS M.53
Book of Hours
Bologna, Italy, 1497.
Blue levant morocco tooled with a Grolier design, doublures and flyleaves of red brocade by Gruel of Paris, 1911; Title Officium 1497 in medallion on upper cover; in blue morocco case.
Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1905.
192 leaves (1 column, 15 lines), bound : vellum, ill. ; 195 x 126 mm
Executed for Giovanni II Bentivoglio (name on fol. 16, arms on fol. 18: quarterly 1 and 4, or an eagle sable, 2 and 3, per bend indented or and gules); owned Dec. 31, 1549 by Octaviano Cusani of Milan; purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) from Godefroy Brauer in 1905; J.P. Morgan (1867-1943).

Ms. book of hours for the use of Rome (Hours of the Virgin, calendar); written and illuminated in Bologna, Italy, in 1497.
Scribe: Girolamo Pagliarolo, who signed and dated the manuscript on fol. 190: Anno Salutis.M.CCCC.LXXXXVij: Descriptum opusculum Religiosum. Hieronimus paiarolus bononiensis descripsit intra dies viginti quinque.
Decoration: 6 full-page miniatures surrounded by floral borders incorporating Bentivoglio emblems, mottoes, and devices.
Artists: borders attributed to Girolamo Pagliarolo; miniatures attributed to various artists, including Girolamo Pagliarolo, Francesco Francia, Amico Aspertini, Lorenzo Costa and workshop.
Carl Brandon Strehlke (Burlington Magazine v. 137 (Jan.-Mar.- 1995, p. 45) assigns only the borders to Pagliarolo and the miniatures to Lorenzo Costa or his workshop; Michaela Krieger ("Francesco Francia als Illuminator," Wiener Jahrbuch für Kunstgeschichte v. IL (1996), p. 275-286, and following) attributes the miniature on fol. 16v to Francesco Francia--Cf PML files.

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