The Botanic Garden: A Poem, in Two Parts . . . with Philosophical Notes

Erasmus Darwin

The Botanic Garden: A Poem, in Two Parts . . . with Philosophical Notes.

London: Printed for J. Johnson . . . , 1795. Third edition.
Inscribed at lower left, H. Fuseli R.A.: inv:, at lower right,
W. Blake: sc:, London: Published Augt. 1st. 1795, by J. Johnson, St. Paul's Church Yard.

Gift of Charles Ryskamp in memory of Michael S. Currier, 1998

PML 128113
Item description: 

This example of Blake's commercial work is an engraving after Fuseli. It documents the skills Blake attained during his apprenticeship to Basire, which were amplified by his own maturity. Tornado appeared for the first time in this third edition. Two of Blake's engravings in this book are after Fuseli. The 1791 edition also contains Blake's four unsigned engravings of the Roman cameo-glass vase then belonging to the Duke of Portland. Darwin's poetical natural history and mythology influenced Blake's thought, as it had that of other Romantic poets.

About this exhibition: 

William Blake (1757–1827) occupies a unique place in the history of Western art. His creativity included both the visual and literary arts. In his lifetime he was best known as an engraver; now he is also recognized for his innovative poetry, printmaking, and painting. Blake's keen perception of the political and social climate found expression throughout his work. His strong sense of independence is evident in the complex mythology that he constructed in response to the age of revolution.

Blake was already recognized as an engraver at age twenty-five, when his first volume of poems appeared. At thirty-three, in The Marriage of Heaven and Hell, he audaciously claimed that his birth had marked the origin of a "new heaven" in which his own art would exemplify the creativity prefigured by Milton and Michelangelo. By that time, Blake, in one of his most productive periods, had already produced Songs of Innocence and was at work on a series of illuminated books. In 1818 he met John Linnell, a young painter and engraver, through whom a group of young artists became Blake's followers. Calling themselves the Ancients, they helped perpetuate Blake's influence for generations.

The Morgan's Blake collection—one of this country's most distinguished—began with purchases as early as 1899 by Pierpont Morgan. During the tenure of Charles Ryskamp, director from 1969 to 1986, major gifts almost doubled the size of its Blake holdings. In recent years Ryskamp's own gifts of engravings, letters, and related materials have significantly enriched its scholarly resources.


This online exhibition is presented in conjunction with the exhibition William Blake's World: "A New Heaven Is Begun" on view September 11, 2009, through January 3, 2010.

This exhibition is made possible through the generosity of Fay and Geoffrey Elliott.