Workshop of Taddeo Zuccaro

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Workshop of Taddeo Zuccaro
1529-1566
Julius III Restoring the Duchy of Parma to Ottavio Farnese
ca. 1562-1563
Pen and brown ink and wash, over black chalk, on paper. Drawing lined overall with laid paper.
13 5/16 x 18 1/4 inches (338 x 464 mm)
Purchased by Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1909.
I, 23
Inscription: 

Inscribed at lower right, in graphite, "T (or F) Zucaro; on verso of lining, in graphite, 10".
Watermark: Anchor? in a circle.

Provenance: 
John Thane (1748-1818; Lugt 1544), London; Reverend Dr. Henry Wellesley (1791-1866; no mark; see Lugt 1384), Oxford; his sale, Sotheby's, London, 6 July 1866, lot 2074; probably Hogarth & Sons, London; Sir William Richard Drake (1817-1890; no mark; see Lugt 736), London and Oatlands Lodge, Weybridge, Surrey; his sale, Christie's, London, 25 May 1892, lot 389, Charles Fairfax Murray (1849-1919), London and Florence; from whom purchased through Galerie Alexandre Imbert, Rome, in 1909 by Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913), New York (no mark; see Lugt 1509); his son, J. P. Morgan, Jr. (1867-1943), New York.
Description: 

The drawing is a workshop copy of a modello for the fresco Julius III Restoring the Duchy of Parma to Ottavio Farnese in the Sala dei Fatti Farnesiani (or Room of the Farnese Deeds) on the piano nobile at the Villa Farnese at Caprarola. The frescoes for that room were designed by Taddeo around 1562-63 and executed in the summer of 1563. The drawing is not a copy after the fresco itself, from which it differs in several details. Instead, it faithfully copies Taddeo’s fully worked and squared modello in the Louvre.1 Several further copies of the Louvre modello are known, including one conserved in the same collection and another, executed in red chalk and red wash, in a private collection in Belgium (200 x 250 mm).2 A note by Philip Pouncey in the departmental file remarks that “Dr. Wittkower has weak version of this. Thinks it’s Zuccaro but it isn’t Zuccaro” – this may refer to the drawing now in Belgium.

An early design by Taddeo for Julius III Restoring the Duchy of Parma to Ottavio Farnese is also in the Morgan’s collection. 3

Footnotes:

  1. Louvre, Paris, inv. RF 73; Gere 1969, 143, no. 40.
  2. Louvre, Paris, inv. 10308.
  3. Morgan Library & Museum, inv. 1973.27.
Bibliography: 

Selected references: Fairfax Murray 1905-12, 1: no. 23 (as Taddeo Zuccaro); Gere 1969, 200, under no. 208 (as copy after Taddeo Zuccaro) ; Middletown 1969, no. 15 (as Taddeo Zuccaro); Paris 1969, 38, under no. 35 (as copy after Taddeo Zuccaro); Milwaukee 1989-90, 139 (as copy after Taddeo Zuccaro).
Collection J. Pierpont Morgan : Drawings by the Old Masters Formed by C. Fairfax Murray. London : Privately printed, 1905-1912, I, 23.

Notes: 

Possibly attributed to Workshop of Taddeo Zucarri.

Watermark: 
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Associated names: 

Thane, John, 1748-1818, former owner.
Wellesley, Henry, 1791-1866, former owner.
Drake, William Richard, Sir, 1817-1890, former owner.
Murray, Charles Fairfax, 1849-1919, former owner.
Morgan, J. Pierpont (John Pierpont), 1837-1913, former owner.
Morgan, J. P. (John Pierpont), 1867-1943, former owner.

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