Italian School

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Italian School
16th century
Adoration of the Shepherds (or Kings?)
ca. 1555-1575
Pen and brown ink and wash, with white opaque watercolor, over black chalk, on rose washed paper.
6 7/8 x 4 1/2 inches (174 x 114 mm)
Gift of Janos Scholz.

Inscribed at lower right, in pen and brown ink, "210".

Moscardo-Calceolari, Verona; possibly Count Lodovico Moscardo (1611-1681), Verona; by descent to Teresa Moscardo Miniscalchi, Verona; Luigi Miniscalchi Erizzo; Count Mario Miniscalchi-Erizzo (1881-1957); Luigi Grassi (1858-1937), Florence (L. 1171b); Delius Giese, New York, from whom purchased in 1948 by János Scholz (1903-1993), New York (see Lugt Suppl. 2933b).

The drawing was attributed to Battista dell'Angolo del Moro by Terence Mullaly in 1966 (note on mount), possibly based on a suggestion by Janos Scholz, the former owner of this sheet. Secure drawings by Battista del Moro are extremely rare and none is as freely conceived as the present sheet. The pink prepared paper is quite unusual, though Battista did work in a variety of techniques and styles and employed it for a study of the Institution of the Eucharist now in Stockholm.1 The heavily layered wash is characteristic of the artist, see for instance the more finished Flagellation of Christ in the Louvre, which has been given to Battista since Vasari’s time.2 As an engraver and etcher Battista was strongly influenced by Parmigianino. A horizontal print of the Adoration of the Shepherds by Battista’s son Marco del Moro (ca. 1537-after 1586) is unrelated in composition.

There are also close links to the draftsmanship of Cremonese artists such as Giulio Campi and Carlo Urbino, as well as to that of Claudio Ridolfi and on balance, it seems better to consider the artist to be of North Italian, possibly Cremonese or Veronese origin, rather than necessarily one of the del Moros.


  1. Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, inv. NMH 154/1863.
  2. Louvre, Paris, inv. 5080.

Selected references: Notre Dame 1964; Notre Dame 1967, no. 33.
The Life of Christ : Drawings from the János Scholz Collection : Italian Drawings from the 16th through the 18th Century. Notre Dame : University of Notre Dame Art Gallery, 1964.
The Life of the Virgin Mary : Drawings from the János Scholz Collection. Notre Dame : Snite Museum of Art, University of Notre Dame, 1967, no. 33.


Watermark: none.
Acquired as Angelo del Moro.
Formerly attributed to Battista dell'Angolo del Moro (ca. 1515-ca. 1573); Giulio Campi (ca. 1508-1573); Carlo Urbino (ca. 1510/20-after 1585); Claudio Ridolfi (1570-1644).

Associated names: 

Angolo, Battista dell', approximately 1514-approximately 1573, Formerly attributed to.
Campi, Giulio, approximately 1507-1573, Formerly attributed to.
Urbino, Carlo, active 16th century, Formerly attributed to.
Ridolfi, Claudio, 1570-1644, Formerly attributed to.
Calceolari, Marquis de, former owner.
Moscardo, Lodovico, 1611-1681, former owner.
Miniscalchi, Teresa Moscardo, former owner.
Miniscalchi-Erizzo, Luigi, former owner.
Miniscalchi-Erizzo, Mario, 1881-1957, former owner.
Grassi, Luigi, 1913- former owner.
Giese, Delius, former owner.
Scholz, János, former owner.

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