Inscribed in graphite at top left, "No 9 Plate 44 (crossed out) / No 11 Plate 54". Inscribed in graphite at bottom center, "Mus decumnus, Linn. / Norway, Brown or Common House Rat. / 1. Males. 2. Female. 3. young". Inscribed in graphite at lower right, "Minnie's Land. Jany 18th 1843. J. J. Audubon".
Watermark: J. Whatman, Turkey Mill 1839.
Preparatory study for Plate 54 of "The Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America", 1845-1848. In the lithograph two melons were added, as well as another adult rat at the left.
Irwin, Theodore, 1827-1902, former owner.
Morgan, J. Pierpont (John Pierpont), 1837-1913, former owner.