Attributed to Simone Cantarini

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Attributed to Simone Cantarini
1612-1648
Virgin and Child with Other Figures in a Landscape (Rest on the Flight into Egypt)
Pen and brown ink, on light brown paper; framing lines in pen and brown ink overlapping from mount onto drawing.
9 1/2 x 7 inches (240 x 179 mm; maximum dimensions)
Gift of Janos Scholz.
1982.50
Inscription: 

Inscribed in lower left corner, in graphite, "293"; on verso of lining, in graphite, "Coll Dr. L. Pollak, Roma / (Milano, 1947); RXX" (encircled); "800".
Watermark: Fleur-de-lis in double circle. Probably on lining, not drawing.

Provenance: 
Dr. Ludwig Pollak (1868-1943), Rome (Lugt S. 788b); purchased in Milan in 1947 by Janos Scholz (1903-1993), New York (see Lugt Suppl. 2933b).
Description: 

The drawing´s former attributions included the circle of Titian and Dosso Dossi, and Philip Pouncey suggested Palma Vecchio (according to Janos Scholz’s records). An anonymous note in Scholz’s records notes a chance of attribution to Simone Cantarini, an identification also independently suggested by Mario di Giampaolo (undated note on the mount).

The drawing is probably a study for the artist’s etching of The Rest on the Flight into Egypt, with the Virgin and Child seated in the foreground and Joseph at left (Bartsch 1819, 19: no. 5). An adoring angel in the lower left corner of the sheet seems to have been omitted for the print. Two angels near a tree at upper left are the ones lowering the branches of a palm tree in the print. Further related drawings are in the Uffizi, Florence (inv. 4152S) and in the collection of C.L. Lloyd in Lockinge, Berkshire.

Cantarini repeatedly turned to the subject of the Rest on the Flight into Egypt; unrelated compositions include a painting in the Pinacoteca di Brera, Milani (Bologna 1997, no. I.46) and another etching of the subject, of a horizontal format and not connected to the Morgan Library drawing in design.

Bibliography: 

Bologna 1997, 333, no. III.17.
Ryskamp, Charles, ed. Twentieth Report to the Fellows of the Pierpont Morgan Library, 1981-1983. New York : Pierpont Morgan Library, 1984, p. 285-286.

Notes: 

Formerly atttributed to Palma il Vecchio, Serina nr. Bergamo 1479/80-1528 Venice.
Drawing is possibly a study for the artist's etching of The Rest on the Flight into Egypt (Bartsch, vol. XIX, no. 5).

Watermark: 
Associated names: 

Palma, il Vecchio, 1480?-1528, Formerly attributed to.
Pollak, Ludwig, 1868- former owner.
Scholz, János, former owner.

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