Literary & Historical Manuscripts

The Morgan's collection of literary and historical manuscripts includes complete manuscripts and working drafts of poetry and prose as well as correspondence, journals, and other documents of important British, European, and American authors, artists, scientists, and historical and political figures from the fifteenth through the twentieth centuries. The handwritten documents in the collection preserve the process of human thought and creativity—from mind to pen to paper—with an immediacy and power lacking in texts produced electronically.

The general pattern of the collection was established by Pierpont Morgan, who began to acquire literary and historical manuscripts on a large scale during the 1890s. He sought not to achieve comprehensiveness in any particular field but rather to assemble important documents related to events of historical significance, lives of notable individuals, and the creation of great literary works. By his death in 1913, he had gathered a number of exceptional documents handwritten or signed by influential figures in Western culture, including Elizabeth I, the signers of the Declaration of Independence, Napoléon, Sir Isaac Newton, and Voltaire. Morgan had a great interest in major British writers; a centerpiece of his collection was—and still is—the sole surviving manuscript of John Milton's Paradise Lost, transcribed and corrected under the direction of the blind poet. Other collection highlights are Charles Dickens's manuscript of A Christmas Carol, Henry David Thoreau's journals, Thomas Jefferson's letters to his daughter Martha, and manuscripts and letters of Jane Austen, Charlotte Brontë, Lord Byron, Wilkie Collins, Albert Einstein, John Keats, Abraham Lincoln, and John Steinbeck.

The Morgan's collection of literary and historical manuscripts has been enriched by many gifts and acquisitions, and twentieth-century holdings have increased significantly. The collection, particularly strong in artists' letters, was greatly enhanced by the Pierre Matisse Gallery Archives, the gift of the Pierre Matisse Foundation in 1997. These archives include more than fifteen hundred letters as well as records of the gallery installations of Balthus, Chagall, Dubuffet, Giacometti, Miró, and other twentieth-century artists. The Carter Burden Collection of American Literature includes important manuscripts and correspondence of John Cheever, Ezra Pound, and Tennessee Williams. The 1999 acquisition of The Paris Review Archive added correspondence, interviews, typescripts, and revised proofs of several hundred post-World War II writers, including Donald Hall, Ernest Hemingway, Jack Kerouac, Norman Mailer, Toni Morrison, George Plimpton, Philip Roth, and Anne Sexton. The Paris Review Archive also includes audio recordings of interviews with major twentieth-century authors.

Plan of a novel, according to hints from various quarters : autograph manuscript, [ca. 1815].
Austen, Jane, 1775-1817.
Manfred : autograph manuscript of the play, [1816 July-1817 Mar.].
Byron, George Gordon Byron, Baron, 1788-1824.
Profits of my novels, over & above the £600 in the Navy Fives : autograph note, [ca. 1817 Mar.].
Austen, Jane, 1775-1817.
Don Juan : autograph manuscript, the first draft of Cantos I-V : Venice and Ravenna, 1818 July 3-1819 Nov. 30 and 1820 Oct. 16-Nov. 27.
Byron, George Gordon Byron, Baron, 1788-1824.
Tamerlane : portions of autograph manuscript poem, [1827-1828].
Poe, Edgar Allan, 1809-1849.
Eugénie Grandet : autograph manuscript signed and typescript with manuscript revisions.
Balzac, Honoré de, 1799-1850.
The night of storms has passed : autograph manuscript signed : [Haworth], 1837 June 10.
Brontë, Emily, 1818-1848.
Collection of poems : autograph manuscript signed : [Haworth], 1838 Jan. 24-1841 Aug. 19.
Brontë, Anne, 1820-1849.
Autograph letters from Richard Doyle (51 items), Henry Edward Doyle (25 items), and Charles Altamont Doyle (3 items) : London, to their father, John Doyle, 1840-1845.
A Christmas carol in prose : being a ghost story of Christmas : autograph manuscript signed, 1843 Dec.
Dickens, Charles, 1812-1870.
Autograph letter signed "Poe" : [New York], to John Augustus Shea, [1845 Feb. 3].
Poe, Edgar Allan, 1809-1849.
Journal : autograph manuscript signed : Walden [Concord], 1845 July 5-1846 Mar. 27.
Thoreau, Henry David, 1817-1862.
Autograph letter signed : 50 Charlotte Street, Portland Place, London, to Leigh Hunt, undated [1847].
Rossetti, Dante Gabriel, 1828-1882.
Song ["When I am dead, my dearest"] : autograph manuscript, 1848 Dec. 12.
Rossetti, Christina Georgina, 1830-1894.
Stones of Venice : autograph manuscript : [n.p.], [1851-1853].
Ruskin, John, 1819-1900.
Journal de l'exil : autograph manuscript.
Hugo, Adèle, 1830-1915.
Modern Painters, vol. I-V : autograph manuscript : [n.p., n.d.].
Ruskin, John, 1819-1900.
The Rose and the Ring : autograph manuscript : Rome, 1853.
Thackeray, William Makepeace, 1811-1863.
Autograph notes for political speeches : [Springfield, Ill.?], [ca. 1858 May 18-Aug. 21].
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.
Our mutual friend : autograph manuscript, 1865 Sept. 2.
Dickens, Charles, 1812-1870.