Kneeling Female Donor with St. Anne

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Hans Memling
Flanders, ca. 1467-1470.
Oil on panel.
panel: 32 7/8 x 10 5/8 inches (835 x 270 mm); framed: 36 5/8 x 14 3/4 inches (930 x 365 mm)
Purchased by Pierpont Morgan, 1907.
Probably commissioned by Jan Crabbe, abbot of Ter Duinen Abbey in Koksijde; S. Rogers, London (1856); Vernon Smyth (Lord Lyveden), London (1857); Rodolphe Kann, Paris (1906); sale, London, Kann collection; Duveen, London (1907); from whom purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan, 6 June 1907; by descent to J.P. Morgan, Jr.

Among Memling's finest early works in this country, these two panels (AZ012.1-2) once formed the inner wings of a triptych. They depict relatives, along with their patron saints, of Jan Crabbe, the fifteenth century abbot who commissioned the altarpiece. At left, St. Anne stands behind an older, kneeling woman, holding a book in her hands, who is probably Crabbe's mother, Anna. At right, St. William of Maleval appears in armor behind a young man, probably the abbot's half brother, wearing a clerical garb over his knightly armor.
The central panel of the triptych, a Crucifixion, is in the Museo Civico, Vicenza, Italy, and the two exterior wing panels are in the Groeningemuseum, Bruges.