Pauli Orosii uiri doctissimi historiarum initium ad Aurelium Augustinum.

Accession number: 
PML 20112
Orosius, Paulus.
[Vicenza, Italy] : [Hermannus Liechtenstein], [approximately 1475]
[100] leaves ; 27 cm (fol.)
Credit Line: 
Purchased by J.P. Morgan, Jr., 1917.

Title from caption on leaf [1]/2r.
Imprint and date as given in ISTC. Colophon, leaf [13]/6r, consisting of 12 lines of verse headed "Bartholomeus Paiellus eques Vicentinus in P. Orosium", reads: "Vt ipse titulus margine in primo docet: / Orosio nomen mihi est. / Librariorum quicquid erroris fuit: / Exemit Aeneas mihi. / Meq[ue] imprimendum tradidit non alteri / Hermanne: [quam] soli tibi. / Hermanne nomen huius artis, & decus: Tuæq[ue] laus Coloniæ. ...".
Printed in Liechtenstein's type 1:102R.
Collation: [1-7⁸ 8⁶ 9-12⁸ 13⁶]: 100 leaves.
Paper format: Chancery folio.
"As this book is the only one of Liechtenstein's editions which has no printed signatures it is presumably his earliest work"--British Museum catalogue; that is, it predates 13 September 1475.
Edited by Aeneas Vulpes and Laurentius Brixiensis, as stated on leaf 1₁v: "Scias uelim humanissime lector: Aeneam Vulpem Vicentinum priorem Sanctae Crucis adiutore Laurentio Brixiensi Historias Pauli Orosii: quae continentur hoc codice; quam accuratissime potuit: castigasse ...".
39 lines, 202 x 105 mm ("The concluding pages have 40 lines to the page, with a slightly broader type-page"--British Museum catalogue). Capital spaces, most with guide letters.
PML copy leaf dimensions: 28.6 x 20 cm., trimmed.

18th-century English gilt-tooled dark green morocco over paper boards (30 x 21 cm.), sewn on 3 supports. Marbled paper pastedowns and fly leaves, with plain paper fly leaves; decorative endbands.
Variant Title: 

Pavli Orosii viri doctissimi historiarvm initivm ad Avrelivm Avgvstinvm


Hand decoration: Contemporary Italian gilt initials with foliate decoration, alternating red and blue initials and paragraph marks. Annotations: Contemporary foliation in bottom right corner (.#.) and headlines (significantly trimmed away). A few contemporary marginal notations in text.

Unidentified Italian armorial: star, crescent moon, and owl, with initials: "AM G," on red ground with green laurel wreath (leaf [1]/2r); Charles Spencer (1674-1722), 3rd Earl of Sunderland, shelf mark: B 4: 58 (front fly leaf verso), through inheritance to: John Winston Spencer-Churchill (1822-1883), 7th Duke of Marlborough; Bibliotheca Sunderlandia sale, Puttick & Simpson, part IV, 6 Nov. 1882, lot 9057; J.P. Morgan, Jr. (1867-1943), purchased from Giuseppe Martini, Jan. 1917.