Calf bindings (Binding)

Italy, 16th century.
MS B.51
Italy, 15th century.
MS B.59
Belgium, possibly Tournai, ca. 1270.
MS G.64

Paris, France, ca. 1250.
MS G.31

France, late 15th century.
MS M.1100
Tournai, Belgium, ca. 1470.
MS M.316

England, ca. 1551.
MS M.1117

Bruges, Belgium, ca. 1490.
MS M.435

Cologne, Germany, between 800 and 825.
MS M.768
Eastern France, 12th century.
MS M.757