Adriaen van Ostade

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Adriaen van Ostade
1610-1685
Ale House Interior with Nine Peasants Smoking, Drinking, and Playing Cards or Tric-trac
1673
Pen and brown ink, brown wash, watercolor and opaque watercolor over traces of graphite, on paper; framing line in brown ink.
9 15/16 x 9 1/4 inches (255 x 235 mm)
Purchased by Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1909.
I, 133
Inscription: 
Signed and dated at lower right, in brown ink, "Av.(in ligature) Ostade · 1673".
Provenance: 
Possibly Gérard Leembruggen Jzn (1801-65), Hillegom (no mark; see Lugt 2988); possibly his sale, Amsterdam, Roos, Engelberts..., 5ff. March 1866, lot 441 (to "Roos" for 1250 fl.); C.J. Nieuwenhuys (1799-1883), Brussels, Belgium, and Oxford Lodge, Wimbledon, England; his sale, London, Christie's, 15 July 1887, lot 30 (with lots 31 [I, 132] and 32 for £10.12.0); Charles Fairfax Murray (1849-1919), London and Florence; from whom purchased through Galerie Alexandre Imbert, Rome, in 1909 by Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913), New York (no mark; see Lugt 1509); his son, J. P. Morgan, Jr. (1867-1943), New York.
Notes: 

Watermark: arms of Amsterdam (similar to Heawood, no. 342: 1674).
The Library possesses two versions of this composition, both finished watercolors and both signed, one with the artist's initials (1962.2) and one with the name in full and the date 1673 (I, 133). Although each drawing may have been intended to stand as an independent work, they nonetheless served as preparatory studies for the artist's signed and dated painting of the following year, formerly in the collection of A. de Rothschild, Ascott, Wing, near Leighton Buzzard, Buckinghamshire (now the property of the National Trust).

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