The Queen of Swords
Bonifacio Bembo or family
Visconti-Sforza Tarot Cards
Purchased by Pierpont Morgan, 1911
Although tarot cards originated about 1425–50 in Milan or Ferrara, they were not generally used for fortune-telling until the 1780s. Fifteenth-century painted tarot cards are exceedingly rare, and no complete deck (seventy-eight cards) survives. The cards have been attributed to Bonifacio Bembo and his family. Bembo was the favorite painter of Bianca Maria Visconti, and it seems likely that the deck was made for her and her husband, Francesco Sforza (1401–1466), whose betrothal (1432) and marriage (1441) united the two families and whose emblems and devices are intermingled on some cards.