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The Morgan Library and Museum

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About the Morgan | History of the Morgan

A Public Institution    1 | 2 | 3 | 4

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1906: Mr. Morgan's Library and Study

1928: A Public Institution

2006: The Renzo Piano Expansion and Renovation
  Madison Avenue brownstones

Photo of Madison Avenue brownstones
231 Madison Avenue

Photo of Garden Court construction
Garden Court construction

Photo of Garden Court
Garden court

The Morgan House
In 1988 the Morgan acquired the Morgan House. Situated on the corner of 37th Street and Madison Avenue, to the north of the Annex, it is the sole survivor of the complex of three residences originally built in 1852/53 for the Phelps, Stokes, and Dodge families, of Phelps-Dodge copper fame. In 1881, Pierpont Morgan purchased 219 Madison Avenue, the southernmost brownstone on the corner of Madison Avenue and 36th Street, as his own residence (demolished in 1928 to make way for the Annex). Morgan bought the central brownstone in 1903, which was then razed to make space for a garden, and a year later he purchased the northernmost house, at 231 Madison, for his son, Jack Morgan. With forty-five rooms, including twelve bathrooms, the house was one of the most impressive residences of its day.

The Morgan family lived in this house until Jack died in 1943, and then sold the brownstone to the Lutheran Church in America to serve as its headquarters. In 1957 the Church constructed a five-story office adjacent to the mansion. In the spring of 1988, it was purchased by the Library. During its forty-four year occupancy, the Lutheran Church carefully maintained the mansion's exterior structure, as well as the interior walls and adornments.

The Morgan House, a rare freestanding brownstone in Manhattan, is a New York City Landmark.

Garden Court
In 1991 the Morgan opened the Garden Court—a glass-enclosed conservatory, constructed to link the Morgan House with the Annex. Architects for the project were Voorsanger & Associates, uniting the Morgan House with the Annex and the original McKim building.

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The programs of The Morgan Library & Museum are made possible with public funds from the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs in partnership with the City Council, and by the New York State Council on the Arts with the support of Governor Andrew Cuomo and the New York State Legislature.

Background images: Photography by Todd Eberle unless otherwise noted. © 2006 Todd Eberle.