Da Costa Hours

Calendars in Books of Hours were sometimes illustrated by vignettes depicting the "labors of the months," generally rural seasonal activities, such as shearing sheep in June and mowing hay in July. Bening, whose works were highly sought after throughout Europe, is usually regarded as the last great Flemish illuminator. This book was made for a member of the Portuguese Sá family, from whom it passed to King Manuel's armorer, Alvaro da Costa, after whom the manuscript is named. Bening was especially known for sensitively rendered landscapes in full-page calendar illustrations. Such cycles had not occurred in manuscripts since their initial and singular appearance almost a hundred years earlier, in the duc de Berry's Très Riches Heures, a manuscript that inspired Bening.

Courting
Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)
Ghent, Belgium ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm
Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910
MS M.399, fol. 6v

Thumbnails

MS M.399, fol. 1r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 1r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

Da Costa Coat-of-Arms, fol. 1v

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 1v
Description: 

The Da Costa arms (gules, six argent rib bones) are suspended from a helmet within an illusionistic architectural niche. Two rib bones form a crest on the top of the helmet. Two putti, standing on columns and holding garlands, flank the arms.
All are within an illusionistic wood frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

Calendar, fol. 2r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 2r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 2v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 2v
Description: 

Occupation of the month: January―Two men, a woman, and a youth are in a room furnished with a table, chairs, a chandelier, and a birdcage affixed to the wall above the fireplace. A kitchen is visible through a door in the far wall. One of the men wears fur-lined garments. He is seated before a fireplace with his shoes removed and is warming himself, holding his hands and feet toward the fire. The youth kneels on the ground beside him, and a cat is next to the youth. Behind the man, the second man is seated at a table with vessels and a candle. He holds a bowl, and the woman serves him a platter of meat. A woman tends the fire.
The scene is within an illusionistic wood frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 3r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 3r
Description: 

A calendar page is shown within an illusionistic wood frame. On the right side of the frame is a statue of a male figure within an architectural niche. Within the lower margin, three scenes are enclosed in roundels:

1) A winter landscape.

2) Aquarius, a zodiac sign―Within a landscape, a nude male figure pours water from two vessels.

3) A male figure wearing winter clothing skates on a frozen river with his arms cross. The scene is within a winter landscape.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 3v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 3v
Description: 

Occupations of the month: February―Three men are working in a vineyard. One prunes a vine with a knife, another ties a vine to a pole, and the third breaks ground with a pickaxe. A spade and poles are on the ground beside him. Beyond, two men appear in a window of a watchtower. On a further hill, a fourth laborer ties a vine to a pole. A fifth laborer plows a field with a plow pulled by oxen. In the background is a landscape with a river with boats. Small towns appear along the shore. Buildings surmount craggy hills flanking the river.
The scene is within an illusionistic wood frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 4r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 4r
Description: 

A calendar page is shown within an illusionistic wood frame. On the right side of the frame within an illusionistic architectural niche is a statue of a bishop wearing a miter. Along the bottom border is a rocky landscape with a body of water in the background. Within the landscape are two fishes, the zodiac sign Pisces, enclosed in an illusionistic roundel frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 4v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 4v
Description: 

Occupations of the month: March―A man wearing fur-lined garments stands on a pathway beside another man and converses with two laborers digging beds in a garden with spades. A hedge and a stone wall enclose the garden. Further along the pathway, a man on a ladder ties vines to an arbor. To the right, a man and a woman converse on a bridge that enters a castle surrounded by a moat. A stork's nest surmounts the chimney of the castle. In the fields beyond the castle, two figures converse. Another figure plows a field.
The scene is within an illusionistic wood frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 5r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 5r
Description: 

A calendar page is shown within an illusionistic wood frame. On the right side of the frame are statues of a female figure and a male figure, possibly a soldier, in illusionistic architectural niches. Along the bottom border is a landscape. Within the landscape is a ram, the zodiac sign Aries, enclosed in an illusionistic roundel frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 5v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 5v
Description: 

Occupations of the month: April―Within a farmyard, a woman milks a cow with a bell around its neck. To the right, a man pushes a sheep out of a sheepcote. A shepherd, holding a lamb in his left hand and a crook in his right hand, looks on. A flock of sheep and one goat follows a second shepherd along a path leading from the sheepcote. One of the ewes nurses a lamb. Beyond, a woman churns butter within a farmhouse. To the left, another woman follows a cow out of a stable beside the farmhouse.
The scene is within an illusionistic wood frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 6r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 6r
Description: 

A calendar page is shown within an illusionistic wood frame. On the right side of the frame is a statue of a male figure in an illusionistic architectural niche. Along the bottom border is a landscape. Within the landscape is a bull, the zodiac sign Taurus, standing in a field enclosed by a fence. It is within an illusionistic roundel frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 6v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 6v
Description: 

Occupations of the Month: May―Four figures, including a helmsman, a man playing a pipe, and a woman playing a lute, are in a boat on a lake surrounding a castle. A flask hangs over the edge of the boat. A heron stands on the shore beside the boat, and swans swim on the lake. To the left, horsemen pass a building while riding on a road alongside lake.
The scene is within an illusionistic wood frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 7r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 7r
Description: 

A calendar page is shown within an illusionistic wood frame. Along the bottom border is a landscape. Within the landscape enclosed in an illusionistic roundel frame is a nude human figure with one head and two embracing bodies, the zodiac sign Gemini.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 7v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 7v
Description: 

Occupation of the month: June―Within a landscape setting, amid a flock of sheep, two men shear sheep as a third man looks on. He supports himself with a crutch, and his right hand is in sling. In the background, a path leads to buildings at the base of a hill. A deer and a rabbit are on the hill. Beside the building, a couple is seated on a bench under a tree.
The scene is within an illusionistic wood frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 8r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 8r
Description: 

A calendar page is shown within an illusionistic wood frame. On the right side of the frame are two statues of male figures within an illusionistic architectural niche. The top one surmounts a column. Along the bottom border is a pastoral landscape. Within the landscape is a crab, the zodiac sign Cancer, enclosed in an illusionistic roundel frame superimposed on the landscape. The crab is within a landscape with a lake or sea. To the right of the frame, a sheep drinks from a stream.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 8v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 8v
Description: 

Occupation of the month: July―In a field, two men mow hay with scythes. To the left, two yoked horses graze. Behind them, a man extends hay on a pitchfork toward a man on top of a haystack. A ladder leans against the stack. To the right, a woman carrying a basket on her head and a flagon in her left hand walks toward the men. In the background within a second field, a woman gathers mown hay into haystacks. Beyond that field, a horseman and a man following a horse pulling a cart ascend a road leading to a windmill at the top of a hill. Buildings of a city are visible in the distance.
The scene is within an illusionistic wood frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 9r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 9r
Description: 

A calendar page is shown within an illusionistic wood frame. On the right side of the frame is a statue of a male figure wearing a pilgrim's hat (possibly Apostle James Major, whose feast day is July 25) within an illusionistic architectural niche. Along the bottom border is a landscape. Within the landscape is a lion, the zodiac sign Leo, enclosed in an illusionistic frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 9v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 9v
Description: 

Occupation of the month: August―In a field, a woman binds grain into sheaves. A man threshes grain with two flails. A second man reaps grain with a sickle. Beyond, two horses, one ridden by a man, pull a cart stacked with sheaves of grain. In the background are more fields and a landscape with buildings.
The scene is within an illusionistic wood frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 10r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 10r
Description: 

Zodiac sign: Virgo―A calendar page is shown within an illusionistic wood frame. On the right side of the frame is a statue of a male figure within an illusionistic architectural niche. Along the bottom border is a landscape with a stream, flowering bushes, and a fence. Superimposed on the landscape is an illusionistic roundel frame enclosing a female figure, with her left hand on her breast, sitting in a garden enclosed by a brick wall.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 10v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 10v
Description: 

Occupations of the month: September―A man guides a plow pulled by two horses through a field enclosed by a fence. A second man sows seeds held in his apron. A sack of grain is on the ground beside him. Crows fly into the field to eat seeds. To the left of the field, a man knocks acorns from trees to feed the pigs below. Beyond, two figures walk along a road beside which is a house. A landscape is visible in the distance
The sceneeend is within an illusionistic wood frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 11r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 11r
Description: 

Zodiac sign: Scorpio―A calendar page is shown within an illusionistic wood frame. On the right side of frame is a statue of a male figure within an illusionistic architectural niche. Along the bottom border is a landscape. Within the landscape, a scorpion is enclosed in an illusionistic roundel frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 11v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 11v
Description: 

Occupations of the month: October―On a village street lined with buildings, four men negotiate the sale of an ox tethered to the wall of a building. One man places coins in another's hand. Beyond, a man on a ladder gathers grapes from an arbor. A woman standing below looks on. In back, a man with a basket (of grapes?) on his back walks from a village gate toward a building with a sundial in the gable.
The scene is within an illusionistic wood frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 12r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 12r
Description: 

Zodiac sign: Libra―A calendar page is shown within an illusionistic wood frame. Along the bottom border is a landscape. Superimposed on the landscape and enclosed by an illusionistic wood frame is a room with a scale hanging from chain.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 12v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 12v
Description: 

Occupation of the month: November―Within a farmyard enclosed by buildings, including a dovecote, two men, within a ring of flax laid out on the ground, break flax with implements. To the left under a shed, a woman scutches flax with a scutching knife. She is seated on a chair beside a bundle of flax. A hen and pigs inhabit the farmyard. Within a building to the left, a man appears in a doorway raising an implement, possibly a flail.
The scene is within an illusionistic wood frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 13r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 13r
Description: 

Zodiac sign: Sagittarius―A calendar page is shown within an illusionistic wood frame. On the right side of the frame are two statues of male figures within illusionistic architectural niches. Along the bottom border is a landscape. Superimposed on the landscape is a roundel frame, and within the frame is a centaur aiming a bow and arrow.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 13v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 13v
Description: 

Occupation of the month: December―Within a snowy landscape, a woman holding a pan collects blood from a pig being slaughtered by a man with a knife. To the left, a woman stands beside an inn with a sign depicting a sun or a star. Figures appear in the windows. On the road beyond the inn, a man sits astride one of two horses pulling a cart. Figures appear on a hill in the landscape.
The scene is within an illusionistic wood frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 14r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 14r
Description: 

Zodiac sign: Capricornus―A calendar page is shown within an illusionistic wood frame. Along the bottom border is a winter landscape. Within the landscape, a goat is enclosed in an illusionistic roundel frame.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 14v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 14v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 15r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 15r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

Hours of the Passion, fol. 15v

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 15v
Description: 

Christ: Arrest―Two soldiers, one of whom is Malchus, seize Christ, who has a rayed nimbus. The Apostle Peter, also nimbed, raises a sword above the head of Malchus. To the left of the first soldiers is a group of soldiers carrying weapons including spears, maces, and halberds. One of these soldiers raises a lantern.
The scene is framed by a border that is decorated with flowers and inhabited by birds and a butterfly.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 16r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 16r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 16v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 16v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 17r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 17r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 17v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 17v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 18r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 18r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 18v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 18v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 19r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 19r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 19v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 19v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 20r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 20r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 20v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 20v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 21r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 21r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 21v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 21v
Description: 

Christ: Before Caiaphas―Christ, with his hands crossed at his waist, stands before Caiaphas, who is standing behind a bench that is in front of a fireplace. A group of soldiers, some holding spears, stand behind Christ.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 22r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 22r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 22v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 22v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 23r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 23r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 23v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 23v
Description: 

Christ: before Herod Antipas—Christ, with his hands crossed at his waist, stands before Herod Antipas, who is seated holding a staff in his left hand. Soldiers stand behind Christ. A man, with his back turned and his right hand raised to his forehead, stands beside Christ.
The miniature and text are framed by a foliate border inhabited by a half-figure of a woman holding a mirror.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 24r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 24r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 24v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 24v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 25r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 25r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 25v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 25v
Description: 

Christ: Ecce Homo—On a balcony, Pilate, holding a staff in his right hand, stands beside Christ, who is wearing a crown of thorns and a cloak. Below, a crowd of Jews, some holding staffs, taunt Christ.
The miniature and text are framed by a foliate border.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 26r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 26r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 26v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 26v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 27r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 27r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 27v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 27v
Description: 

Christ: Crucifixion, nailed to Cross—Two men nail the hands of Christ, who is wearing a crown of thorns and a loincloth, to the cross with hammers. A third man pulls a rope attached to the end of the right arm of the cross. A fourth man, whose back is turned, is at His feet. Two groups of figures look on.
The miniature and text are framed by a border decorated with candelabrum forms and foliate motifs.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 28r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 28r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 28v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 28v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 29r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 29r
Description: 

Christ: Crucifixion—The Virgin Mary, who is veiled, and Evangelist John, who is kneeling and weeping, flank Christ, who, wearing a crown of thorns and a short loincloth, is affixed to the cross with three nails.
The miniature and text are framed by a border decorated with flowers, strawberries, a snail, a bee, and two butterflies.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 29v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 29v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 30r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 30r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 30v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 30v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 31r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 31r
Description: 

Christ: Deposition—On two ladders flanking the cross, Joseph of Arimathea and another man lower the body of Christ, who is wearing a crown of thorns. A third man holds Him at His waist. Mary Magdalene and the Virgin Mary, who is veiled and kneeling, assist Him.
The miniature and text are framed by a border decorated with foliate ornament.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 31v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 31v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 32r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 32r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 32v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 32v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 33r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 33r
Description: 

Christ: Entombment—Several figures, including the veiled Virgin Mary, Holy Women, Joseph of Arimathea, and the Evangelist John, lower the shrouded body of Christ into a sarcophagus.
The miniature and text are framed by a border inscribed in decorative script AVE MARIA GRACIA PLENA DOMI(NUS) TECOM (sic) B(ENEDICTA IN MULIERBUS?).

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 33v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 33v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 34r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 34r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 34v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 34v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 35r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 35r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 35v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 35v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 36r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 36r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

Mass of the 5 wounds of Our Lord, fol. 36v

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 36v
Description: 

Liturgical scene: Celebration of Mass—A bleeding heart surrounded by four bleeding wounds (Five Wounds of Christ) appears amid rays of light above figures celebrating mass within a church. A tonsured priest wearing a chasuble stands beside an altar and raises his joined hands. He turns toward a tonsured deacon wearing a dalmatic. The deacon’s back is turned, and he is reading from a book on a lectern. In front of the lectern are two acolytes holding candles. A second deacon holds a thurible as a kneeling acolyte fills it with incense. Beyond, a group of figures stands behind an altar surmounted by a retable and flanked by curtains. To the right, a hooded figure stands with joined hands raised. The church is adorned with stained glass and statues, including one of the Crucifixion with the Virgin Mary and Evangelist John in a balcony and a statue of a mitered bishop in an architectural niche on the wall. The door of the church is open showing a view of city.
The miniature is framed by a border in which an angel is pulling back a curtain and holding a lit paschal candle decorated with flowers. To the right and below, a man and woman are kneeling in prayer. He holds a book in both hands, and she holds a rosary in joined, raised hands.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 37r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 37r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 37v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 37v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 38r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 38r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 38v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 38v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 39r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 39r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 39v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 39v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 40r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 40r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 40v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 40v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 41r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 41r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 41v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 41v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

St. Gregory’s Prayer to the 5 Wounds, fol. 42r

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 42r
Description: 

Christ: Of Sorrows—Christ is shown within an aureole as the Man of Sorrows, crowned with thorns and wearing a loincloth. He indicates His bleeding side wound with His right hand.
The miniature and text are framed by a floreate border inhabited by a caterpillar.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 42v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 42v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 43r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 43r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 43v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 43v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 44r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 44r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

Passion according to Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, fol. 44v

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 44v
Description: 

Christ: Flagellation—Four tormentors, with switches and a scourge, torture Christ, who is shown bound to a column. He has a rayed nimbus, is wearing a short loincloth, and is bleeding. A purple garment is on the floor in the foreground. In the background behind a balustrade, a group of figures gather, many of them carrying spears.
The scene is within a miniature framed by a border decorated with rosaries, including one with a pendant depicting the head of Christ with a rayed nimbus.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 45r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 45r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 45v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 45v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 46r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 46r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 46v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 46v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 47r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 47r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 47v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 47v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 48r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 48r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 48v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 48v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 49r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 49r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 49v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 49v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 50r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 50r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 50v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 50v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 51r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 51r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 51v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 51v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 52r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 52r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 52v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 52v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 53r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 53r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 53v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 53v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 54r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 54r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 54v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 54v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 55r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 55r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 55v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 55v
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 56r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 56r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 56v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 56v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 57r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 57r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 57v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 57v
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 58r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 58r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 58v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 58v
Description: 

Christ: Mocked—Three men mock Christ, who has a rayed nimbus and is wearing a purple garment. One of the men extends a cattail to Him. Two others press down on the crown of thorns with sticks. In the background behind a balustrade, two men, one of whom is Pilate, look on. A view of buildings is visible from a window on the back wall of the room. The scene is framed by a decorative border.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 59r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 59r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 59v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 59v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 60r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 60r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 60v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 60v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 61r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 61r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 61v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 61v
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 62r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 62r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 62v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 62v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 63r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 63r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 63v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 63v
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 64r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 64r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 64v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 64v
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 65r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 65r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 65v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 65v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 66r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 66r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 66v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 66v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 67r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 67r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 67v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 67v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 68r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 68r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 68v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 68v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 69r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 69r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 69v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 69v
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 70r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 70r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 70v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 70v
Description: 

Christ: Ecce Homo— Christ, who has a rayed nimbus, is partially nude, wearing a crown of thorns and a purple cloak over His shoulders. He is bleeding. Surrounding Him are Pilate holding a staff in his left hand, soldiers, and a man wearing a pointed cap. He appears on a balcony before a crowd of Jews taunting Him. To the right are armed soldiers.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 71r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 71r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 71v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 71v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 72r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 72r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 72v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 72v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 73r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 73r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 73v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 73v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 74r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 74r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 74v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 74v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 75r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 75r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 75v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 75v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 76r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 76r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 76v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 76v
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 77r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 77r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 77v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 77v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 78r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 78r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 78v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 78v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 79r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 79r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 79v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 79v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 80r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 80r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 80v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 80v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 81r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 81r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 81v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 81v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 82r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 82r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 82v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 82v
Description: 

Christ: Bearing cross—Christ, with a rayed nimbus and wearing a crown of thorns and a purple garment, bears a tau cross over His shoulder. Simon of Cyrene grasps the lower end of the cross. Veronica of Rome, nimbed and veiled, kneels before Christ and extends a veil held in both hands towards Him. He grasps it with His right hand. Two horsemen and two soldiers, one carrying a halberd, follow.
The scene is framed by a border decorated with flowers, including viola and columbine, and inhabited by butterflies, caterpillars, and two birds, one grasping a caterpillar and the other spreading its wings.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 83r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 83r
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MS M.399, fol. 83v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 83v
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MS M.399, fol. 84r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 84r
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MS M.399, fol. 84v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 84v
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MS M.399, fol. 85r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 85r
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MS M.399, fol. 85v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 85v
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MS M.399, fol. 86r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 86r
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MS M.399, fol. 86v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 86v
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MS M.399, fol. 87r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 87r
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MS M.399, fol. 87v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 87v
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MS M.399, fol. 88r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 88r
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MS M.399, fol. 88v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 88v
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MS M.399, fol. 89r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 89r
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MS M.399, fol. 89v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 89v
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MS M.399, fol. 90r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 90r
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MS M.399, fol. 90v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 90v
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MS M.399, fol. 91r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 91r
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MS M.399, fol. 91v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 91v
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MS M.399, fol. 92r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 92r
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

Hours of the Compassion of the Virgin, fol. 92v

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 92v
Description: 

Virgin Mary: Miracle of Seven Sorrows—Within a central panel, a nimbed Virgin Mary wearing a wimpled veil is seated with her hands folded in her lap. She is pierced by five swords (sword of compassion). In seven panels around her, the Seven Sorrows of the Virgin are depicted, clockwise from the top left corner:

1) Christ: Bearing cross―Christ, shown with a rayed nimbus, bears a tau-cross over His shoulder. He is behind soldiers and is followed by a nimbed Virgin Mary and two Holy Women.

2) Christ: Crucifixion―Christ, shown with a rayed nimbus and wearing a loin cloth, is affixed with three nails to a tau cross. Next to Him on one side is the Virgin Mary, nimbed and veiled, partly kneeling with her hands crossed at her breast. On His other side is a nimbed Evangelist John with his clasped hands raised to his cheek.

3) Christ: Pietà—A nimbed and veiled Virgin Mary is seated at the base of the cross. She supports the body of Christ, who has a rayed nimbus, on her lap, and her joined hands are raised.

4) Christ: Entombment―Joseph of Arimathea and a nimbed Evangelist John lower the shrouded body of Christ, who has a rayed nimbus, into a sarcophagus. A nimbed and veiled Virgin Mary with hands clasped at her breast and a Holy Woman look on.

5) Christ: Presentation—A nimbed and veiled Virgin Mary supports the nimbed Christ Child, who is standing on an altar. Simeon extends both his hands towards Him. Several figures, including Joseph the Carpenter with a basket of doves and Anna Prophetess with a candle, look on.

6) Christ: Flight into Egypt―A nimbed and veiled Virgin Mary holding the Christ Child in both arms, rides sideways on an ass. She follows Joseph the Carpenter, holding a staff and sack over his shoulder.

7) Christ: Among doctors—A nimbed Christ Child stands at the top of stairs on a platform amid doctors. A nimbed and veiled Virgin Mary appears on the left. The miniature is surrounded and divided into the eight panels by an illusionistic wood frame.

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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 93r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 93r
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 93v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 93v
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 94r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 94r
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MS M.399, fol. 94v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 94v
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MS M.399, fol. 95r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 95r
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MS M.399, fol. 95v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 95v
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 96r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 96r
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MS M.399, fol. 96v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 96v
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MS M.399, fol. 97r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 97r
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MS M.399, fol. 97v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 97v
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MS M.399, fol. 98r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 98r
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MS M.399, fol. 98v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 98v
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MS M.399, fol. 99r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 99r
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MS M.399, fol. 99v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 99v
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MS M.399, fol. 100r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 100r
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MS M.399, fol. 100v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 100v
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MS M.399, fol. 101r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 101r
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MS M.399, fol. 101v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 101v
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MS M.399, fol. 102r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 102r
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MS M.399, fol. 102v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 102v
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MS M.399, fol. 103r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 103r
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 103v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 103v
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 104r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 104r
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 104v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 104v
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MS M.399, fol. 105r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 105r
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 105v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 105v
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 106r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 106r
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 106v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 106v
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 107r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 107r
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 107v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 107v
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MS M.399, fol. 108r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 108r
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MS M.399, fol. 108v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 108v
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MS M.399, fol. 109r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 109r
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 109v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 109v
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MS M.399, fol. 110r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 110r
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MS M.399, fol. 110v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 110v
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MS M.399, fol. 111r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 111r
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

Gospel Lessons, fol. 111v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 111v
Description: 

Evangelist, John: On Patmos―Rays of light emanating from an arc of heaven fall upon a nimbed Evangelist John seated on Patmos. He writes on a folio with a pen held in his right hand. He holds an inkpot in his left hand. Beside him, a nimbed eagle spreads its wings.
The landscape surrounding Patmos continues in the border surrounding the scene. At the bottom of the border, two men in a boat transport a column.

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MS M.399, fol. 112r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 112r
Description: 

The initial I that begins the Gospel Sequence of John is decorated with foliate ornament.
Within a historiated border framing the text, a horseman with a dagger carried in his belt rides along a road toward a woman standing in the road. Figures are within the landscape, and buildings of a city are seen in the distance.

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MS M.399, fol. 112v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 112v
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Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 113r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 113r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 113v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 113v
Description: 

A nimbed Evangelist Luke is seated on a recumbent, nimbed symbol (ox). He writes with a pen held in his right hand in an open book on his right knee. He is seated beside a table, on which are a book, a writing tool, and an inkpot, in a bedroom with a canopied bed. Behind him, steps lead up to an open door and another room in back.

Evangelist, Luke: Painting the Virgin Mary―In the back room, which has a lamp, a nimbed Evangelist Luke sits on a chair in front of the Virgin Mary, whom he is painting. He is beside a chest and in front of an easel. The Virgin Mary stands with her hands joined amid rays of light.
The whole scene is framed by a border decorated with pearls and jeweled pendants, including a cross decorated with four pearls and an emerald.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 114r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 114r
Description: 

The initial I beginning the Gospel Sequence of Luke is decorated with foliate ornament.
The border framing the text is decorated with flowers, including in the right border an iris and a lily in a vase. A caterpillar and a butterfly inhabit the lower and upper borders.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 114v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 114v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 115r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 115r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 115v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 115v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 116r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 116r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 116v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 116v
Description: 

Within a room furnished with bookcases, a nimbed Evangelist Matthew wearing headgear is seated at a writing desk with an inkpot and other implements. He writes in a book, and a nimbed angel kneels behind him.
The scene is framed by a border decorated with two statues of male figures within illusionistic architectural niches in the left border. GLORIA TIBI DO(MINO) is inscribed in the lower border.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 117r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 117r
Description: 

The initial I beginning the Gospel Sequence of Matthew is decorated with foliate ornament.
The border around the text is decorated with grapevine.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 117v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 117v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 118r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 118r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 118v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 118v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 119r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 119r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 119v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 119v
Description: 

Within a room, a nimbed Evangelist Mark is seated at a lectern on a writing desk. On the desk are scissors, an inkpot, a knife, and scraps of parchment. Two books with clasps, one of which is open, are on the floor beside the table. He writes in a book with a pen held in his right hand and a scraper in his left hand. A nimbed, winged lion lies on the ground behind him. The room is furnished with a bench and a credenza, on which are two candles flanking a panel painting of Christ holding a globe. A convex mirror, a pitcher, and a round object are within a partially shuttered window. A birdcage hangs on the left wall above a niche with a candle.
The scene is framed by a historiated border depicting two men and a woman in a boat with a canopy on a lake within a landscape. One man drinks from a jug. The woman plays a lute. The second man plays a pipe. Beside him are a canteen and a tree branch. In the background is a building with a bridge over lake.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 120r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 120r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 120v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 120v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 121r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 121r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

Suffrages, fol. 121v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 121v
Description: 

Within a landscape, a nimbed Evangelist John, looks upward. He indicates with his right hand a chalice held in his left hand. The scene is framed by a decorative border.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 122r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 122r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 122v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 122v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 123r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 123r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 123v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 123v
Description: 

A nimbed Evangelist Mark holds a book in his left hand and glances toward the right. A nimbed lion lies at his feet. They are within a landscape with buildings and a ship on a river. The scene is framed by a border decorated with various flowers.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 124r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 124r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 124v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 124v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 125r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 125r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 125v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 125v
Description: 

Within a landscape, a nimbed Evangelist Matthew holds a halberd in his right hand and glances to the right. A nimbed angel standing behind him raises her right hand to her chest. The scene is framed by a border decorated with flowers and inhabited by a caterpillar and a butterfly.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 126r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 126r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 126v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 126v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 127r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 127r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 127v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 127v
Description: 

Within a landscape, a nimbed Evangelist Luke holds a closed book in his right hand and glances upward and to the right. A nimbed ox stands behind him. The scene is framed by a decorative border.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 128r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 128r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 128v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 128v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 129r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 129r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

Hours of the Virgin, fol. 129v

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 129v
Description: 

Virgin Mary: Annunciation―Within a room, a crowned Archangel Gabriel holding a scepter in his left hand raises his right hand, pointing upward. He kneels on the steps of an architectural setting that suggests a private chapel, in which the Virgin Mary kneels at prie-dieu, her right hand on an open book. The Dove of the Holy Ghost appears above her head amid rays of light and an aureole. An archway in the far wall of the room leads to a bedroom furnished with a bed and a chair. The scene is framed by a border decorated with flowers, including dianthus, a lily, and a rose, and inhabited by a caterpillar and butterflies.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 130r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 130r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 130v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 130v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 131r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 131r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 131v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 131v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 132r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 132r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 132v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 132v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 133r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 133r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 133v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 133v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 134r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 134r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 134v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 134v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 135r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 135r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 135v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 135v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 136r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 136r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 136v

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 136v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 137r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 137r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 137v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 137v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 138r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 138r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 138v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 138v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 139r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 139r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 139v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 139v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 140r

Download image: 

Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 140r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 140v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 140v
Description: 

Virgin Mary: Visitation―Within a rocky landscape, the Virgin Mary, who is veiled and has a rayed nimbus, grasps the right hand of a veiled and nimbed Elizabeth. In the distance, a figure (Zacharias?) stands within the archway of a city gate. The scene is framed by a border with a landscape. Two male figures, one with his arm around the other's shoulders, stand in a road leading to a city gate. A dog walks along a road toward a small bridge crossing a river in front of a city gate.

Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 141r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 141r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 141v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 141v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 142r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 142r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 142v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 142v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 143r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 143r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 143v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 143v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 144r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 144r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 144v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 144v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 145r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 145r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 145v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 145v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 146r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 146r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 146v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 146v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 147r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 147r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 147v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 147v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 148r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 148r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 148v

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 148v
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 149r

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Da Costa hours
Illuminated by Simon Bening (1483/84–1561)

Ghent, Belgium
ca. 1515
172 x 125 mm

Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913), 1910

MS M.399, fol. 149r
Credits: 

Image courtesy of Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz/Austria.

MS M.399, fol. 149v

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