A Christmas Carol: The Original 1843 Manuscript
Introduction by Declan Kiely
Compelled by personal financial difficulties, Dickens wrote A Christmas Carol in just six weeks during a period of intense creativity in the fall of 1843. This original manuscript reveals Dickens's method of composition, allowing us to see the author at work. Deleted text is struck out with a continuous looping movement of the pen and replaced with fewer words for concision and more active verbs for greater vividness or immediacy of effectwith. This heavily revised sixty-six-page draft―the only manuscript of the story―was sent to the printer so the book could be published on December 19, just in time for the Christmas market. When the manuscript was returned by the printer, Dickens had it bound in crimson morocco. It was purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan before 1900.
This beautifully bound volume contains the facsimile of Dickens’s manuscript of A Christmas Carol, published in color and in its entirety for the first time. Alongside each reproduced manuscript page written by Dickens is an authoritative typed transcription.