Antiphonary

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Record ID: 
77495
Accession number: 
MS M.273
Title: 
Antiphonary
Created: 
Italy, probably Florence, late 13th cent.
Credit: 
Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1907.
Description: 
1 leaf (1 column, 13 lines) : vellum, ill. ; 550 x 365 mm
Provenance: 
The leaf was originally folio 3 from an antiphonary in Pistoia, church of the convent of San Francesco al Prato (the parent codex is now Pistoia, Archivio Diocesano, San Paolo CXIV.84,a); purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) from Olschki in 1907; J.P. Morgan (1867-1943).
Notes: 

Ms antiphonary single leaf; initial A; illuminated in Italy, probably in Florence, ca. 1280; antiphon text and musical notation on verso added in the 16th century.
Decoration: 1 full-page historiated initial with 3-register Last Judgement composition; framed with an ornamental chain border.
Artist: Maestro Geometrico, who is also known as Maestro Terzo.

Script: 
textura
Language: 
Latin
Century: 
Classification: 

This depiction is divided into tiers, imitating large-scale frescoes and mosaics of the period. The top scene depicts Christ as judge, exposing his wounds and flanked by the Virgin Mary and John the Baptist. Attendant archangels hold instruments of the Passion. In the middle section are the twelve apostles holding books or scrolls. The elect, occupying the third tier, represent the clergy on the left and the lay world on the right. The small bearded man among the elect may possibly represent the artist. Below, the dead are summoned from their graves by angels blasting trumpets. This leaf was originally the frontispiece of an Antiphonary (which contains the music for the Divine Office), for the initial A (of Aspiciens) begins the response for the first Sunday in Advent, the beginning of the church year. The so-called Maestro Geometrico (or Terzo master) was active about 1270–80 and worked on Choir Books E and F in the church of Santa Maria Novella in Florence.