Missal

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Record ID: 
238229
Accession number: 
MS M.1134
Title: 
Missal
Created: 
Rome, Italy, 1523.
Credit: 
Purchased on the Stillman Fund, 2003.
Description: 
1 leaf, matted : vellum, ill. ; 500 x 380 mm
Provenance: 
Sistine Chapel; looted by Napoleon's troops; Abate Luigi Celotti, who cuts up the choir books, made them into montages ca. 1826, and sold them at Christie's London, 26 May 1825, lot 73; Arnold-Peter C. Weiss, purchased from him on the Stillman Fund, 2003.
Notes: 

Ms. single leaf (composite), matted, in gilt frame; the source of the cuttings is one or more of the Missals of the Sistine Chapel commissioned by either Pople Clement VII or Pope Leo X, illuminated in Rome, 1523.
Border strips contain the devices and monograms of Pope Clement VII (de' Medici).
Decoration: 1 miniature depicting Pope Clement VII asperging the congregation before mass.
Artist: Vincenzo Raimondi.

Century: 
Classification: 

The large miniature, depicting the pope in procession with bishops, sprinkling holy water, is by Vincenzo
Raimondi (d. 1557), a French illuminator who worked for the papal courts from Leo X (r. 1513–21) to Paul IV
(r. 1555–59). The miniature is surrounded by double borders of several different fragments cleverly arranged
to appear whole. The Medici arms appear twice as well as emblems with mottoes (Semper, "always," and
Suave, "sweet") used by both Leo X and Clement VII, who was Giulio de' Medici, cousin of Leo X. The use
of the yoke with Suave derives from Matthew 11:30, "For my yoke is sweet and my burden light." Among
the popes, bishops, saints, and other figures in the ovals, only one can be identified. It is Pope Gregory the
Great, at the top left, for his attribute is the dove, symbol of the Holy Spirit, suggesting the divine
inspiration of his writing.