William Blake (1757–1827) occupies a unique place in the history of Western art. His creativity included both the visual and literary arts. In his lifetime he was best known as an engraver; now he is also recognized for his innovative poetry, printmaking, and painting. Blake's keen perception of the political and social climate found expression throughout his work. His strong sense of independence is evident in the complex mythology that he constructed in response to the age of revolution.
Blake was already recognized as an engraver at age twenty-five, when his first volume of poems appeared. At thirty-three, in The Marriage of Heaven and Hell, he audaciously claimed that his birth had marked the origin of a "new heaven" in which his own art would exemplify the creativity prefigured by Milton and Michelangelo. By that time, Blake, in one of his most productive periods, had already produced Songs of Innocence and was at work on a series of illuminated books. In 1818 he met John Linnell, a young painter and engraver, through whom a group of young artists became Blake's followers. Calling themselves the Ancients, they helped perpetuate Blake's influence for generations.
The Morgan's Blake collection—one of this country's most distinguished—began with purchases as early as 1899 by Pierpont Morgan. During the tenure of Charles Ryskamp, director from 1969 to 1986, major gifts almost doubled the size of its Blake holdings. In recent years Ryskamp's own gifts of engravings, letters, and related materials have significantly enriched its scholarly resources.
This exhibition is made possible through the generosity of Fay and Geoffrey Elliott.
William Blake (1757–1827) There Is No Natural Religion. [London]:
The author and printer W. Blake, .
Relief etching printed in three colors, some plates heightened with watercolor
2 plates of 12
Copy G, ca. 1794
This early work in relief etching was once thought to predate Blake's illuminated books. Current scholarship, however, dates it to about 1794. Rather than a sequential narrative, it is a series of aphorisms with emblematic images. Blake developed this relief etching technique for incorporating text and image on one printing surface. In addition to two copies of this work, the Morgan owns one unique plate from copy L, presented by Sir Geoffrey Keynes in 1977. This copy once belonged to Blake's follower Frederick Tatham.
Purchased as the gift of Mrs. Landon K. Thorne, 1952; PML 44733