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Collections | Ancient Near Eastern Seals & Tablets

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Leather Worker(?) in Rooms Framed by Serpo-Felines
Cylinder seal
Mesopotamia, Late Uruk period
(ca. 3500–3100 B.C.)
Serpentine
29.5 x 25 mm
Seal no. 1

Nude Male Figures with Pots Before a Shrine
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Late Uruk period
(ca. 3500–3100 B.C.)
Marble
24.5 x 21 mm
Seal no. 3

Ewe and Ram Flanking Plant with a Gatepost
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Late Uruk period
(ca.3500–3100 B.C.)
Serpentine
16 x 13 mm
Seal no. 5

Pigtailed Figures with Vessels; Cows Lying On Mountains
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Late Uruk period/Jamdat Nasr period
(ca. 3500–2900 B.C.)
Serpentine
21.5 x 20 mm
Seal no. 7

Goats Before a Shrine
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Late Uruk/Jamdat Nasr period
(ca. 3500–2900 B.C.)
Marble
40 x 35.5 mm
Seal no. 23

Three Stags with a Plant
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Late Uruk period/Jamdat Nasr period
(ca. 3500–2900 B.C.)
Serpentine
25 x 22 mm
Seal no. 20

Three Spiders
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Late Uruk period/Jamdat Nasr period
(ca. 3500–2900 B.C.)
Marble
23.5 x 25 (23) mm
Seal no. 29

Scorpion with a Plant
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Late Uruk period/Jamdat Nasr period
(ca. 3500–2900 B.C.)
Marble
36.5 x 21 mm
Seal no. 31

Zigzag Ladder Patterns
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Late Uruk period/Jamdat Nasr period
(ca. 3500–2900 B.C.)
Serpentine
48 x 13.5 mm
Seal no. 35

Pattern of Two Running Goats, One Above the Other
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Early Dynastic I period
(ca. 2900–2750 B.C.)
Serpentine
42 x 10.5 mm
Seal no. 48

Hero Grasping Bull and Mouflon Menaced by a Lion Attacked by a Second Hero
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Early Dynastic II period
(ca. 2750–2600 B.C.)
Marble
28 x 24 mm
Seal no. 52

Three demons Whose Legs Are Foreparts of Merged Lions Whose Tails End In Serpent Heads
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Early Dynastic II period
(ca. 2750–2600 B.C.)
Shell
30 x 14 mm
Seal no. 59

Lion-Armed Demon with Human Torso and Legs; Two Scorpions; Small Seated Figure, and Crossed Lions
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Early Dynastic II period
(ca. 2750–2600 B.C.)
Marble
37 x 24 mm
Seal no. 61

Horned Deity (?) Seated Before a Shrine, with a Nude Hero Attacking a Lion; Entwined Lion-Headed Snakes
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Early Dynastic II period
(ca. 2750–2600 B.C.)
Lapis lazuli
25 x 12 mm
Seal no. 62

Seated Figures Drinking Through Tubes; Eagle Between Small Animals, with a Boar and Scorpion
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Early Dynastic III period
(ca. 2600–2334 B.C.)
Marble
38.5 x 24 mm
Seal no. 112

Bull Man Protecting Horned Animals Attacked Felines; Scorpion Above Crossed Felines
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Early Dynastic III period
(ca. 2600–2334 B.C.)
Marble
41 x 25 mm
Seal no. 75

Heroes Protecting Animals From Felines
Cylinder seal
Mesopotamia, Early Dynastic III period
(ca.2600–2334B.C.)
Lapis lazuli
24 x 13 mm
Seal no. 80

Kilted Hero Attacking Felines Menacing Horned Animals; Human-Headed Bull Below Empty Space
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Early Dynastic III period
(ca. 2600–2334 B.C.)
Lapis lazuli
22 x 14 mm
Seal no. 85

Stone Bowl With a Dedication Inscription in Sumerian
Mesopotamia, Early Dynastic III period
(ca. 25th century B.C.)
Calcite or aragonite
Inscribed: (To) [a deity], Megirimta, child born to Lugal-kisalsi (and) wife of Muni-hursag, presented (this bowl).
Height: 10 cm; diameter: 16.4 cm
MLC no. 2630
See more in Written in Stone online exhibition »

Crowned Hero Grasping Bull; Nude Bearded Hero Holding Human-Headed Bulls
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2334–2154 B.C.)
Carnelian
23.5 x 13 mm
Seal no. 149

Nude Bearded Hero Wrestling with Water Buffalo; Bull Man Fighting Lion
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2334–2154 B.C.)
Serpentine
36 x 25 mm
Seal no. 159

Nude Bearded Hero Subduing Bull; Bull Man Overpowering Lion
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2334–2154 B.C.)
Jasper
32 x 22 (20) mm
Seal no. 162

Bull Men Contesting with Lions
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2334–2154 B.C.)
Marble
28 x 26 (25) mm
Seal no. 167

Sun God Rising with Attendants Opening the Gates of Heaven
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2334–2154 B.C.)
Serpentine
40.5 x 28 (27) mm
Seal no. 178

Male and Female Worshipers Led Toward the Sun God Enthroned on a Mountain
Cylinder seal
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca.2334–2154B.C.)
Lapis lazuli
16.5 x 19.5 mm
Seal no. 190

Enthorned Water God with Two-Faced Vizier Leading Gods Bringing Birdman for Judgement
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2334–2154 B.C.)
Serpentine
32.5 x 19.5 mm
Seal no. 198

Worshiper Approaching Enthroned Water God and Two-Faced Vizier in a Sanctuary Guarded by Nude Bearded Heroes Grasping Gateposts
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2334–2154 B.C.)
Serpentine with calcite vein
30 x 19 m
Seal no. 202

Foundation Figure of King Ur-Namma
Mesopotamia, Third Dynasty of Ur
(ca. 2112–2004 B.C.)
Copper
Inscribed: Ur-Namma, king of Ur, king of Sumer and Akkad, the one who built the temple of Enlil. Height: 335 mm
MLC no. 2628

Rotate image

Water God Facing Deity; God with a Mace and Lion-Headed Eagles Attacking Fallen God
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2334–2154 B.C.)
Rock crystal
24.5 x 16 mm
Seal no. 201

God with Grain Following a God with Plough and a Third God Toward a Vegetation Deity Enthroned on Grain
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2334–2154 B.C.)
Serpentine
35 x 25 (22.5) mm
Seal no. 207

Libation Before the Weather God and the Rain Goddess
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2334–2154 B.C.)
Shell
35.5 x 20 mm
Seal no. 220

Etana's Flight to Heaven on the Back of an Eagle
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2334–2154 B.C.)
Serpentine
36.5 x 28 (26) mm
Seal no. 236

Enthroned Goddess with Worshipers Pouring a Libation over a Flaming Altar and Bearing Offerings
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2334–2154 B.C.)
Serpentine
37 x 25 (23) mm
Seal no. 245

Banquet Scene with Seated Couple and Attendants
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2334–2154 B.C.)
Serpentine
35 x 21 mm
Seal no. 250

Eagle Above Hatched Undulating Line and Crosshatched Triangle Below
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Akkadian period
(ca. 2154–2100 B.C.)
Serpentine
26 x 13 mm
Seal no. 265

A Lion-Headed Eagle Grasping Two Mountain Goats, inscribed
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Post-Akkadian period
(ca. 2154–2100 B.C.)
Steatite
30 x 17 mm
Seal no. 267

Stone Foundation Tablet Inscribed With the Name and Titles of King Ur-Namma in Sumerian
Mesopotamia, Third Dynasty of Ur, Reign of Ur-Namma
(21st century B.C.)
Inscribed: Ur-Namma, king of Ur, king of Sumer and Akkad, the one who built the temple of Enlil.
Limestone
8.3 x 12.4 cm
MLC no. 2629
See more in Written in Stone online exhibition »

Worshiper Led by Goddess Toward Enthroned God, inscribed
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Third Dynasty of Ur
(ca. 2112–2004 B.C.)
Jasper
32 x 20 mm
Seal no. 277

Suppliant Goddess and Worshiper Before God with Rod and Ring on Temple Throne and Placing Feet on Bull, Goddess and God in Attendance with Nude Female Between
Cylinder seal
Mesopotamia, First Dynasty of Babylon
(ca.1894–1595B.C.)
Hematite
23.5 x 12.5 mm
Seal no. 391

Goddess, Suppliant Goddess, Priest, and Worshiper Carrying Kid Before Sun God with Goddess and Goat Behind; in the field: Star Demonic Mask, Bull, Human Head, Star and Crescent
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, First Dynasty of Babylon
(ca. 1894–1595 B.C.)
Hematite
25 x 13.5 mm
Seal no. 399

Bull Man Fighting Lion; Nude Bearded Hero Kneeling on a Lion and Holding a Lion Behind His Head; Kneeling Man Attacked by Lion Griffin
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, First Dynasty of Babylon
(ca. 1894–1595 B.C.)
Hematite
26 x 13.5 mm
Seal no. 362

Worshiper Offering Gazelle to Enthroned Deity Holding Ankh, Winged Sun Disk with Pendant Cobras Above; two registers behind throne, upper: Ibex Demon and Winged Bull Demon Shouldering Bar with Suspended Stag, lower: Two Attendants Carrying Bar with Suspended Antelope
Cylinder seal and impression
Syria
(ca. 1850–1720 B.C.)
Hematite
29.5 x 15 mm
Seal no. 910

Nude Goddess with Open Veil and Worshiper Holding Hare Before Enthroned Male Figure, Vultures Above
Cylinder seal and impression
Syria
(ca. 1720–1650 B.C.)
Hematite
21 x 10 mm
Seal no. 937

Suppliant Goddess with Scorpions Before Winged Goddess with Weapons in Chamber Formed by Guilloches
Cylinder seal and impression
Syria
(ca. 1720–1650 B.C.)
Hematite
21.5 x 11 mm
Seal no. 960

Weather God with Helmet Standing on Mountains, Brandishing Mace and Holding Snake, Lotus Blossom, and Rein of Kneeling Bull Surmounted by Nude Goddess Opening Veil, Suppliant Goddess Behind
Cylinder seal and impression
Syria
(ca. 1720–1650 B.C.)
Limonite
25 x 13 mm
Seal no. 967

Nude Bearded Hero with Flowing Streams Flanked by Winged Lion Demons; in the field: Human Head and Hand
Cylinder seal and impression
Syria
(ca. 1720–1650 B.C.)
Hematite
18 x 13 mm
Seal no. 979

Male Figure Before a Goddess Drawing Aside Her Mantle
Cylinder seal and impression
Syria (ca. 1720–1650 B.C.)
Hematite
23 x 11 mm
Seal no. 945

God with Lightining Fork and Foot on Bull Facing Male Figure; Nude Femaile Above Antelope Head; Male Figure Approaching Enthroned Figure
Cylinder seal and impression
Northern Mesopotamia, Mitannian period
(ca. 1600–1350 B.C.)
Hematite
27 x 13 mm
Seal no. 1020

Male Figure Grasping Bull with Griffin and Various Animals
Cylinder seal and impression
Northern Mesopotamia, Mitannian period
(ca. 1600–1350 B.C.)
Hematite
19 x 9 mm
Seal no. 1040

Nude Winged Goddess Holding Two Gazelles; Tree with Bird and Fish, Two Kneeling Antelopes
Cylinder seal and impression
Northern Mesopotamia, Mitannian period
(ca. 1600 B.C.–1350 B.C.)
Marble
21 x 10 mm
Seal no. 1051

Eye Stone Amulet with a Dedication Inscription of King Kurigalzu I in Sumerian
Mesopotamia, Kassite period, reign of Kurigalzu I
(ca. early 14th century B.C.)
Inscribed: To Enlil, his lord, Kurigalzu presented (this stone)
Agate
3.36 cm diameter
MLC no. 2625
See more in Written in Stone online exhibition »

Tablet Inscribed in Akkadian with a Fragment of the Babylonian Flood Story of Epic of Athrasis
Mesopotamia, First Dynasty of Babylon, reign of King Ammi-saduqa (ca. 1646–1626 B.C.); clay
MLC 1889

Tablet Inscribed in Akkadian with a Fragment of the Epic of Etana
Mesopotamia, First Dynasty of Babylon (ca.1895–1595 B.C.); clay
MLC 1363

Female Worshiper Facing God Enthroned on Two Human-Headed Bulls
Cylinder seal and impression
Southern Mesopotamia, Kassite period
(ca. 1430–1155 B.C.)
Jasper
32.5 x 16 mm
Seal no. 575

Standing Male Figure with Scimitar, Fly Above
Cylinder seal and impression
Southern Mesopotamia, Kassite period
(ca. 1430–1155 B.C.)
Chalcedony
35.5 x 16 mm
Seal no. 571

Hero Grasping Lions Standing on Kneeling Bulls, Winged Sun Disk Above: Birds of Prey Perched in Palmette Tree Flanked by Sphinx and Griffin
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca. fourteenth century B.C.)
Rock crystal
27 x 13 mm
Seal no. 592

Lion Griffins Attacking Bull; Palmette Tree
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca. fourteenth century B.C.)
Chert
24 x 11.5 mm
Seal no. 594

Griffin Demon Grasping Bull
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca. fourteenth century B.C.)
Chalcedony
20 x 10 mm
Seal no. 595

Hero Grasping Lion Griffin; Monkey Perched on Tree Flanked by Ibex and Bird of Prey
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca.thirteenth century B.C.)
Chert
15 mm diameter
Seal no. 596

Bearded Hero with Daggers Between Two Ibexes Facing Tree
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca. thirteenth century B.C.)
Jasper
29 x 12 mm
Seal no. 597

Lion Griffin Attacking Bull; Kneeling Worshiper Below Winged Sun Disk on Altar
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca. thirteenth century B.C.)
Hematite
43 x 16 mm
Seal no. 598

Hero Spearing Ibex, Second Ibex Jumping Toward Tree on Mountain
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca. thirteenth century B.C.)
Chert
32 x 14.5 mm
Seal no. 600

A Leaping Stag in a Landscape
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca. 13th century B.C.)
Chalcedony
30 x 10 mm
Seal no. 601

Hero Attacking Mouflon
Cylinder seal
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca.thirteenth century B.C.)
Agate
31 x 13 mm
Seal no. 599

Lion Attacking Mouflon
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca. 13th century B.C.)
Banded agate
28 x 12 mm
Seal no. 602

Lion Attacking Stag Before Tree on Mountain
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca. thirteenth century B.C.)
Chert
30 x 13 mm
Seal no. 603

Lion Attacking Bull
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca.thirteenth century B.C.)
Jasper
31 x 15 mm
Seal no.604

A Winged Hero Pursuing Two Ostriches
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca. 1250–1150 B.C.)
Marble
31 x 14 mm
Seal no. 606

Inscription abraded in antiquity.

Winged Lion Griffin Attacked by Hero over Kneeling Calf
Cylinder seal
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca.twelfth/eleventh century B.C.)
Carnelian
32 x 13 mm
Seal no. 607

Griffin Fighting Griffin Demon Armend with Dagger for Small Calf Below
Cylinder seal
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca.twelfth/eleventh century B.C.)
Chalcedony
42 x 16.5 mm
Seal no. 608

Griffin Demon Tearing Branch from Tree
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian period
(ca. twelfth/eleventh century B.C.)
Sard
38 x 15 mm
Seal no. 609

Charging Bull with Rosettte, Constellation Above
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Neo-Assyrian period
(ca.1049–609 B.C.)
Serpentine
15.5 x 9 mm
Seal no. 635

Man Prodding Ox Pulling Plow, Astral Symbol Above
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Neo-Assyrian period
(ca.1049–609 B.C.)
Serpentine
37 x 16.5 mm
Seal no. 653

Two Figures Attacking Bearded Hero with Curls, Perhaps the Heroes Gilgamesh and Enkindu Slaying the Giant Humbaba
Cylinder seal
Mesopotamia, Neo-Assyrian period
(ca.1049–609B.C.)
Serpentine
35.5 x 15.5 mm
Seal no. 686

God Astride Bullheaded Dragon and Aiming Star-Studded Bow at Lion Griffin
Cylinder seal
Mesopotamia, Neo-Assyrian period
(ca.1049–609B.C.)
Steatite
37 x 15 mm
Seal no. 689

Goddess with Ring and Scimitar on Star-Studded Throne over Lion (?); Worshiper Facing Armed God Standing on Bull
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Neo-Assyrian period
(ca.1049–609 B.C.)
Chalcedony
34 x 16 mm
Seal no. 694

Archer Attacking a Lion Griffin, Tree with Winged Sun Disk Above
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Neo-Assyrian period
(ca.1049–609 B.C.)
Chalcedony
27 x 13 mm
Seal no. 719

A Winged Hero Contesting with a Lion for a Bull
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Neo-Babylonian period
(ca.1000–539B.C.)
Carnelian
38.5 x 18 mm
Seal no. 747

Hero Grasping Two Male Sphinxes
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Neo-Babylonian period
(ca.1000–539 B.C.)
Siliceous stone
33 x 16 mm
Seal no. 757

Hero Grasping Two Struggling Birds and Stepping on a Third Bird
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Neo-Babylonian period
(ca.1000–539 B.C.)
Chalcedony
24 x 12 mm
Seal no. 764

Centaur with a Bow and Arrow Attacking Winged Lion
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Neo-Babylonian period
(ca.1000–539 B.C.)
Agate
30 x 9 (11) mm
Seal no. 749

Armed Hero Grasping Kicking Ostrich; Worshiper Behind Two Fish Men with Pollen Baskets Flanking Sacred Tree; God in Winged Sun Disk Above
Cylinder sea and impressionl
Mesopotamia, Neo-Babylonian period
(ca.1000–539 B.C.)
Carnelian
37 x 17 mm
Seal no. 773

Worshiper Before Two Altars Adorned with Divine Symbols
Cylinder seal
Mesopotamia, Neo-Babylonian period
(ca.1000–539B.C.)
Lapis lazuli
39 x 18 mm
Seal no. 781

Attendant Waving Palm Whisk over Table Before Seated King Raising Cup, Attendant with Fan and Towel Behind King
Cylinder seal and impression
Mesopotamia, Neo-Babylonian period
(ca.1000–539 B.C.)
Chalcedony
27 x 12 mm
Seal no. 776

Eye Stone Amulet with a Dedication Inscription of King Nebuchadnezzar II in Akkadian
Mesopotamia, Neo-Babylonian period, reign of Nebuchadnezzar II
(ca. 604–562 B.C.)
Inscribed: To Marduk, his lord, Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, son of Nabopolassar, gave this for his life
agate
3.84 cm diameter
MLC no. 2624
See more in Written in Stone online exhibition »

Tablet Inscribed in Akkadian with a Fragment of the Epic of Adapa
Mesopotamia, Neo-Assyrian period (ca. seventh century B.C.); clay
MLC 1296

Tablet Inscribed in Babylonian with a Ritual for the Observances of Eclipses
Mesopotamia, seleucid period (ca. third-first century B.C.); baked clay
MLC 1872

Persian Warrior with Greek Prisoners of War
Cylinder seal and impression
Persia, Achaemenid period (ca. 550–330 B.C.)
Carnelian
23 x 10 mm
Seal no. 833

King Standing on Sphinxes and Holding a Lion in Each Hand; Palm Tree with Winged Sun Disk Above
Cylinder seal and impression
Persia, Achaemenid period
(ca.550–330 B.C.)
Agate
32 x 15 mm
Seal no. 824

Four Rows of Striding Boars
Cylinder sea and impressionl
Persia, Achaemenid period
(ca. 550–330 B.C.)
Rock crystal
30 x 13 mm
Seal no. 836

Striding Bull
Cylinder seal and impression
Persia, Achaemenid period
(ca. 550–330 B.C.)
Chalcedony
25 x 13 mm
Seal no. 837

Foundation Figure of a Kneeling God Holding a Peg
Mesopotamia, period of Gudea (ca. 2144–2124 b.c.); copper
Height: ca. 19.5 cm
Purchase: AZ 145

One-Eyed Hero with Lions Flanked by Enclosures
Iran (?) (ca. 3100 B.C.)
50 x 40 mm
Seal No. 4


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