Milan: Ricordi, 1872?
Printed libretto with autograph annotations
The Mary Flagler Cary Music Collection
The premiere of Aida, in Cairo on 24 December 1871, was by all accounts a great success. The second performance (and the first in Italy) took place on 8 February 1872 at La Scala, Milan. Verdi, as usual, oversaw all aspects of the production, including the mise-en-scène, or staging. He then went to Parma, where he supervised a production on 20 April, for which he annotated this libretto, sketching out his staging for the first three acts and specifying in detail the singers' placement, movements, and even gestures.